Ambarella (NASDAQ:AMBA) announced fiscal second-quarter 2020 results on Thursday after the market closed, showcasing its efforts to return to sustained, profitable growth with the help of its newest computer-vision (CV) chip technology. While the video processing chip leader continued to endure top-line declines given volatility in its consumer electronics market vertical, the gravity of that drop moderated significantly, helping Ambarella absolutely smash earnings estimates in the process.

With shares up 19% in after-hours trading as of this writing, let's hone our focus for a closer look at what Ambarella accomplished over the past few months.

Ambarella chip attached to a camera lens.

IMAGE SOURCE: AMBARELLA.

Ambarella results: The raw numbers

Metric

Fiscal Q2 2020*

Fiscal Q2 2019

Growth

Revenue

$56.4 million

$62.5 million

(9.7%)

GAAP net income (loss)

($10.2 million)

($6.9 million)

N/A

GAAP earnings (loss) per share

($0.31)

($0.21)

N/A

DATA SOURCE: AMBARELLA. *FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JULY 31, 2019. GAAP = GENERALLY ACCEPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES. 

What happened with Ambarella this quarter?

  • Revenue arrived well above the high end of Ambarella's guidance provided in early June for a range of $51 million to $53 million. 
  • Adjusted for items like stock-based compensation, Ambarella generated (non-GAAP) net income of $7.3 million, or $0.21 per share, down from $8.5 million, or $0.25 per share in the same year-ago period. But most analysts were modeling significantly lower adjusted earnings of $0.02 per share.
  • Adjusted gross margin was 58.1%, down from 61.4% a year earlier but squarely in line with Ambarella's guidance for between 57% and 59%.
  • No shares were repurchased this quarter, with the company maintaining the entirety of its $50 million repurchase program valid through June 30, 2020.
  • Ambarella ended the quarter with cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities of $375.8 million, down from $366.2 million at the end of last quarter.

What management had to say

Ambarella CEO Fermi Wang stated:

Our confidence in our fiscal year 2020 outlook has increased, despite the geopolitical uncertainty. Most importantly, we continue to demonstrate strong progress on our strategy to transform from a pure video processing company to an artificial intelligence ('AI') video company.  During the second quarter, we commenced mass production CV system-on-a-chip ('SoC') shipments into the automotive market and CV25 became our second CV SoC to generate mass production revenue. We continue to have strong confidence in the three waves of CV revenue we have previously described.

Looking forward

Three months ago, Ambarella management offered the caveat that "forecasting is difficult in the current environment," but reiterated its expectation that revenue in the second half of this fiscal year would increase relative to the first half.

But more specifically now, Ambarella told investors during this quarter's call that it expects fiscal third-quarter revenue of between $63 million and $67 million -- well above the $55.4 million most analysts were modeling -- with adjusted gross margin arriving between 56% and 58%. 

In the end, coupling that guidance with Ambarella's relative outperformance in the second quarter gave bullish investors more than enough reason to aggressively bid up the stock. And if Ambarella can indeed sustain that momentum through the rest of the year as management hopes, I suspect patient investors are poised to enjoy even more significant gains going forward.