Bank of Hawaii (NYSE:BOH) filed its third-quarter 2019 financial scorecard on Monday, Oct. 28, and provided investors with generally stable results, which included acceleration in non-interest income versus the prior year, and a slight drag on overall profitability from increased overhead expenses. Below we'll review the quarter's highlights, and focus in on management's views on the current strength of the Hawaiian economy.
Note that all comparative numbers below are presented against those of the prior-year quarter:
Bank of Hawaii: Results at a glance
|Metric||Q3 2019||Q3 2018||Change (YOY)|
|Revenue||$171.4 million||$164.4 million||4.5%|
|Net income||$52.1 million||$56.9 million||(8.4%)|
|Diluted earnings per share||$1.29||$1.36||(5.1%)|
Significant details from Bank of Hawaii's report
- Net interest income increased less than 1% to $125.2 million.
- Net interest margin (NIM) decreased by six basis points to 3.01%.
- Non-interest income rose 12.1% to $46.5 million. Management attributed the growth to an increase in mortgage banking activity and higher levels of derivative activity among customers.
- Bank of Hawaii's loan base ended the quarter at $10.9 billion, up from $10.5 billion at the end of Q3 2018. Net charge-offs of $3 million equaled 0.11% of annualized average loan and leases outstanding. The company recorded a provision for credit losses of $4.3 million, versus $3.8 million recorded in the comparable quarter.
- Average customer deposits increased 3.3% to $15.3 billion, while average assets grew by a similar percentage to $17.6 billion.
- The bank's efficiency ratio of 58.5 increased roughly 350 basis points, indicating a slightly less productive use of banking assets against the year-ago quarter.
- The efficiency ratio decline is reflected in the bank's lower profitability. Higher salaries and benefits, net equipment expenses, and "other" expenses absorbed the top-line advance and accounted for the drop in net income and earnings per share seen in the table above. Total non-interest expense rose nearly 11% to $100.3 million.
- Bank of Hawaii's average return on assets declined from 1.33% to 1.17%, while return on average equity slipped roughly 200 basis points to 16.02%.
Management's thoughts on the Hawaiian economy
Investors in Hawaiian bank stocks pay particularly close attention to the condition of the state's economy, as the island is isolated from the mainland and relies so heavily on tourism and commercial real estate to fuel growth. By some estimates, tourism accounts for one-fifth of Hawaii's economy.
During the company's earnings conference call on the 28th, CEO Peter Ho observed that the local economy is fairly stable, exhibiting an unemployment rate of 2.7% in September versus the national average of 3.5%. Ho also noted that visitor arrivals have grown by 5.2% in the first eight months of 2019 versus 2018, although daily tourist spend during that period has dipped by 0.5%.
Below are Ho's comments on the island's commercial and residential real estate markets, which provide important color for investors, since commercial mortgages, residential mortgages, and home equity loans currently make up 73% of the bank's $10.9 billion loan portfolio:
Our real estate market also continued to remain active. We had particularly strong growth in single-family home sales during the third quarter, which increased by 8.7% over the same period in 2018. Year-to-date sales of single-family homes are now at comparable levels with 2018, and median sales prices remained stable.
Condominium sales however continued to soften through the third quarter. Year-to-date sales of condominiums declined 6.7% compared with the same period in 2018, and median sales prices are down 1%. Months of inventory at the end of the quarter were 3.5 months for single-family homes and 3.9 months for condominiums. The year-to-date median number of days on market was 23 days for a single-family home and 26 days for a condominium.
Looking ahead to 2020
Despite the relative strength of the Hawaiian economy, executives relayed their impression during the earnings call that it may be late innings in the island's economic cycle. This is partly reflected in the bank's higher provision for credit losses and slightly slower pace of commercial loan growth versus past quarters. The barometer of condominium sales discussed above may also provide support for this reasoning.
However, management believes that the bank is well-positioned overall for 2020, given its high loan quality and a growing customer deposit base. Considering risk factors, shareholders also seem confident in the organization's prospects. Shares have appreciated nearly 34% year-to-date on a total return basis.