Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

3 Investing Mistakes That Could Wipe You Out in a Market Crash

By Kailey Hagen - May 31, 2021 at 6:10AM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

They're more common than you think.

Just about everyone will lose money when the stock market takes a dip. Whether that loss is temporary or permanent depends on the investing moves you make both before the crash and during it. The following three mistakes could decimate your portfolio and put your finances in serious jeopardy, so you should avoid them at all costs.

1. Not diversifying enough

Diversifying your portfolio is one of the most important things you can do to protect yourself against loss. By investing in many securities, you ensure that no single one has too great an effect on your portfolio. When one stock price drops, you'll have others to pick up the slack.

Senior staring at laptop screen in shock.

Image source: Getty Images.

It's not quite as simple as investing in multiple stocks, though. You also need to make sure you have your money spread around in many sectors, so that if one is hit hard (as was the case with a lot of tourism-related businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic), you won't lose everything. You should have some of your money in bonds and other safe investments as well to balance out the stocks you own.

One of the simplest ways to diversify your portfolio quickly is to invest in an index fund. These are collections of stocks that track a market index, like the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). They often contain hundreds of stocks in several industries, and they generate returns that are very similar to their underlying index. Their fees are pretty affordable too. Some of the most popular S&P 500 index funds have expense ratios of just 0.03%. That means you only pay $3 per year if you have $10,000 invested. 

2. Emotional buying and selling

Hearing a lot of chatter about a stock on social media can make some inexperienced investors tempted to buy a lot of it in the hopes of becoming an overnight millionaire. And seeing a stock in their portfolio plummet can make some want to sell for fear of losing even more if they hold onto the stock.

But it's often best to avoid these rash moves. If you guess wrong, you could waste your money on a stock going nowhere or turn a temporary loss into a permanent one by selling too soon. Instead, do your research into an investment before buying or selling. Focus on its long-term growth potential. Don't worry about day-to-day shifts unless you begin to notice a larger trend that suggests the company may be heading for trouble.

3. Investing money you'll need in the next few years

Keep money you plan to spend in the next five to seven years out of the stock market if you can. Investing is one of the best ways to grow your wealth over the long term, but the stock market's volatility makes it a bad place for short-term investments. If you need your money at a certain time, you have to sell, regardless of what your shares are worth at the time. That could mean taking a huge loss.

If you'd rather not leave your money in a savings account earning next to no interest, try stashing it in a high-yield savings account or a certificate of deposit (CD) instead. These won't give you the same returns that investing your money could, but there's no risk of loss. Plus, savings accounts enable you to withdraw your funds at any time. CDs typically don't allow you to withdraw money before the CD term is up, or else you'll pay a penalty. But that shouldn't be an issue if you know you won't need your money for a while.

The underlying thread in all three of the mistakes above is not thinking about how your decisions could affect your finances down the road. Even when times are good, you should always be thinking about how your portfolio will fare in a market crash, because you never know when the next one's going to happen. 

The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
S&P 500 Returns

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 08/14/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.