This classic investing column originally ran on Sept. 23, 2003. It has been updated.
Peter Lynch is recognized by investors the world over. More than 1 million read his book One Up on Wall Street -- at least, that many bought it. Sadly, many seem either to have disregarded or forgotten the book's tenets for finding great investments.
And that's a shame. After all, the greatest of these investments -- in his words, the "10- to 40-baggers... even 200-baggers" -- can rise 10-200 times in value.
I haven't forgotten. A "student" of Lynch for years, I don't deny that what I've learned has influenced the way I invest. Nor that, when we conceived of our Motley Fool Hidden Gems newsletter service and online community, digging up just a few of these "10- to 40-baggers" was very much on our minds.
It might be worthwhile, then, to take a look at six of his primary principles, all of which are core components to our Hidden Gems investing approach. I strongly encourage you to consider them when building or fine-tuning your own stock portfolio.
1. Small companies
Lynch loves emerging businesses with strong balance sheets, and so do I. His extraordinary returns in La Quinta Inns came at a time when the company was young and small, traded at a discount to estimated future growth, and sported a healthy balance sheet. Why did he veer away from such dominant franchises as Hilton Hotels
Couldn't have said it better myself. When searching for hidden gems, I focus explicitly on strong, well-run companies capitalized under $2 billion.
2. Fast growers
Among Lynch's favorites are companies whose sales and earnings are expanding 20%-30% per year. The classic Lynch play over the last decade might be Starbucks
The real trick is to find fast growers like Starbucks or Krispy Kreme
3. Dull names, dull products, dead industry
You might not think this of the world's greatest -- and arguably, most famous -- mutual fund manager, but Lynch absolutely loved dreary, colorless businesses in stagnant or declining industries. A company like Masco Corporation
And if he could find that kind of business with a ridiculous name, like Pep Boys
4. Wall Street doesn't care
Lynch's dream stock at Fidelity Magellan was one that hadn't yet attracted any attention from Wall Street. No analysts covered the business, which was less than 20% institutionally owned. None of the big money cared. Toys "R" Us
And Lynch is effusive in explaining the wonderful returns from funeral and cemetery business Service Corporation
The point is clear: Small, underfollowed companies present the greatest opportunities to long-term investors.
5. Insider buying and share buybacks
Lynch loves companies whose boards of directors and executive teams put their money where their mouths are. A combination of insider buying and aggressive share buybacks really piqued his interest. He would have given a close look to a tiny company like Spar Group
"Buying back shares," Lynch writes, "is the simplest, best way a company can reward its investors." Bingo.
Finally, don't forget that Lynch typically owned more than 1,000 stocks at Fidelity Magellan. He embraced diversification and focused his attention on upstart businesses with excellent earnings, sound balance sheets, and little to no Wall Street coverage. He admits that, going in, he never knew which of his investments would rise five or 10 times in value. But the greatest of his investments took three to four years to reward him with smashing returns.
Personally, I anticipate an average holding period of three years, with the greatest of the group being held for a decade or more. I believe you can and should run a broad, diversified portfolio of stocks, if you have the time and the team to do so -- like we do here at the Fool and within our Hidden Gems community.
Finding the next hidden gem
Peter Lynch created loads of millionaires with his Fidelity Magellan Fund -- investors who went on to live comfortably, send their kids to college, and give generously to deserving charities.
You might be surprised to hear that he thinks you can succeed at stock investing without giving your whole life over to financial statement analysis. He's outlined a method whereby the total research time to find a stock "equals a couple hours." And he doesn't think you need to check back on your stocks but once a quarter. Doing more than that might lead to needless hyperactive trading that wears down your portfolio with transaction costs and taxes.
Hidden Gems practices each and every one of these Lynchian precepts. If this is how you like to invest, I guarantee you'll love our newsletter service. Try it free for 30 days and if you don't absolutely love it, you can cancel without paying a tin-lizzy nickel.
The next 10-bagger is out there. Good luck finding it!