The simple fact is that our financial markets -- in the short term -- measure nothing more than investors' near-term outlook for the economy. With a little bit of confidence in the system, banks would start lending again, investors would start buying stocks again, and the global economy could begin to heal itself.

That, however, is not happening -- because we're not confident. We're pessimistic. A recent report found that consumer confidence in the U.S. is at an all-time low, with one economist calling the data "extraordinarily awful."

But that extraordinarily awful data could prove to be very good for you.

Here's how
Chuck Akre is a money manager and a white-haired dispenser of plainspoken wisdom. He also happens to be a money manager who's had an extraordinarily bad year.

His FBR Focus Fund (FBRVX) is down more than 43% year to date, with holdings in Markel (NYSE:MKL), AmeriCredit (NYSE:ACF), and Bally Technologies (NYSE:BYI) having taken particularly hard hits.

Yet, when Chuck stopped by our offices recently, he put aside his performance and said with a smile that times like these are "nirvana for the value investor." That's because good companies are on sale across the board for reasons that have nothing to do with their long-term intrinsic value.

Here's why
Chuck noted that there are three groups that might normally be buying stocks but, for a variety of reasons, are either sitting this market out or pulling money from the market. They are:

  1. Individual investors, because they're scared witless.
  2. Corporations, who aren't repurchasing cheap shares because they need to hoard cash to survive the credit crunch.
  3. Hedge funds, which are going to cash, to meet demand for year-end redemptions.

That creates across-the-board artificial downward pressure on stocks, and it's the reason cash-rich names such as Taiwan Semiconductor (NYSE:TSM), Charles Schwab (NASDAQ:SCHW), and Altria (NYSE:MO) were selling last week for less than 10 times trailing free cash flow.

Again, that's nirvana for the value investor.

A thought experiment
Now, go back to the end of 2007, when you were thinking about buying Apple for $200 per share. If I'd told you then that within a year you'd be able to buy Apple for $80 per share, you (1) would not have believed me, and (2) would have considered that a fantastic buying opportunity.

Well, here we are, and the entire market is down 40%. But instead of backing up the truck on cheap stocks, the three groups of investors I mentioned above are selling them. Even a seasoned money manager like Chuck Akre has been getting calls from longtime clients demanding that he go to cash.

A call to action
We haven't seen sustained and widespread pessimism like this since the Vietnam War and stagflation combined to depress the heck out of folks in the 1970s. But, as Chuck was quick to point out, the 1970s was a very good time to have been a buyer of stocks.

Today, Chuck Akre is lined up beside investing luminaries such as Warren Buffett, Charles Munger, Marty Whitman, and many more -- and all of them are declaring that now is a good time to buy stocks, and all of them are going out and doing it.

So what are you doing? If you're looking to take advantage of current pessimism to buy up cheap, high-quality companies, join Motley Fool Stock Advisor free for 30 days and read all about Fool co-founders David and Tom Gardner's top picks for new money now.

This article was first published on Oct. 30, 2008. It has been updated. 

Tim Hanson does not own shares of any company mentioned. Schwab is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor recommendation. Markel is an Inside Value pick. The Motley Fool owns shares of Markel. You can be confident in the Fool's disclosure policy.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.