Mutual funds may be OK for you, but they're an expensive way to invest. If you have the slightest inclination to "do it yourself" -- and make a lot more money -- I may have a better idea.
I just want what's coming to me!
With the possible exception of local property taxes, no mechanism I’ve encountered picks our pockets more efficiently than the U.S. mutual fund industry. And yes, that includes the IRS.
Think about it: Uncle Sam takes a piece of every penny you earn, but your mutual fund manager is worse. He's not content with a cut of what your money earns each year (we'll assume he actually makes you money). No, your fund manager wants more -- much more.
When I tell you how much more, you may not believe it, so I'll warm you up with a quick example.
Wahoo! My fund manager's a genius!
Imagine the year is 1992. The economy is stagnant, the troops are home from Iraq, and you just dumped 10 grand into the greatest mutual fund in the history of the world.
That's because your fund manager doesn't buy the gloom and doom, and he doesn't buy diversification. He buys American capitalism. So he rolls the dice on just four hypergrowth stocks.
You hit pay dirt! Now it's New Year's Day 2000, and just look at what's become of your $10,000 stake ...
- AOL (now Time Warner
(NYSE:TWX)): $1.7 million.
Happy New Year! You're sitting on $2.4 million! Or are you? It turns out, mutual funds have a price -- maybe more than you think.
Surprise! Your $10,000 isn't worth $2.4 million
Assuming your fund manager hits you up for a 2% fee (not cheap, but hardly unheard of), you would owe him more than $40,000. That seems fair enough. After all, the fellow just made you $2.4 million. But there's a catch.
That $40,000 is for the last year alone. You've been paying out every year. In fact, by New Year's Day 2000, you'd have paid that rascal more than $85,000 in fees, and the lost profits on those fees would have cost you another $300,000 or so. And that's over just eight short years!
It gets worse. Imagine if you'd invested $20,000 instead of $10,000. You'd be paying twice as much. And what do you get for all that extra money -- for paying twice as much? Not a darn thing, as far as I can tell.
Oh, yes, it gets worse still
Now, what if it turns out you're paying for nothing? I mean, let's face it -- you're probably not going to buy into a miracle fund like the one I just described. Your fund manager won't be a genius. More likely, he'll be an Ivy League MBA looking to keep his job and follow the herd -- or worse.
Don't believe me? Look no further than the list of widely held institutional stocks. I'll spare you the trouble: You'll find the likes of Home Depot
Worse, even if your fund manager did stumble on a stealth bomber like Hansen Natural
And it gets worse ...
Because here's the thing. In any given year, the IRS can tax you only on what you earn that year. When you invest in a mutual fund, your fund manager takes a cut of everything you have ... year after year after year.
Worse, your manager might not only fail to keep pace with the market in any given year (remember, most do), he or she might actually lose you money. Yet, even if you don't make a penny in year 11 of our previous example, you'll still have to hand over another few thousand dollars.
Frankly, that bites. Yet, for all that, you may have no interest whatsoever in researching stocks -- even with the help of someone you can trust. If so, mutual funds may be the only game in town. It definitely beats staying out of stocks over the long haul, but you can agree that it's a broken model.
Something better to consider
If you want to take advantage of the bargains in this beaten-down market, but balk at buying a house in the Hamptons for somebody you don't even know, try David and Tom Gardner's Motley Fool Stock Advisor free for 30 days. The Motley Fool co-founders can't guarantee that they will always help you outperform the S&P 500, but that's exactly what they have done over the past six-plus years – by better than 30%.
And beating the market is their sworn mission, something 75% of mutual fund managers do not do. Best of all, as your portfolio grows, your costs won't. Being a member of Stock Advisor won't set you back two grand a year to join the $100,000 club ... or $120,000 a year to be the $6 million man or woman. That should be your goal, after all -- and it isn't one you should approach with mixed feelings.
There is a lot of negativity out there. It's only natural to feel uneasy, but this is no time to give up on stocks for the long term. To steal a phrase from that sour-faced know-it-all on the TD AMERITRADE commercials, "You can do this." And you don’t have to do it alone. For a little help, give Stock Advisor a try. To learn more, click here now.
This article was originally published June 13, 2006. It has been updated.