Numbers can lie -- yet they're the best first step in determining whether a stock is a buy. In this series, we use some carefully chosen metrics to size up a stock's true value based on the following clues:
- The current price multiples.
- The consistency of past earnings and cash flow.
- How much growth we can expect.
Let's see what those numbers can tell us about how expensive or cheap Wyndham
The current price multiples
First, we'll look at most investors' favorite metric: the P/E ratio. It divides the company's share price by its earnings per share (EPS) -- the lower, the better.
Then we'll take things up a notch with a more advanced metric: enterprise value to unlevered free cash flow, which divides the company's enterprise value (basically, its market cap plus its debt, minus its cash) by its unlevered free cash flow (its free cash flow, adding back the interest payments on its debt). As with the P/E, the lower this number is, the better.
Analysts argue about which is more important -- earnings or cash flow. Who cares? A good buy ideally has low multiples on both.
Wyndham has a P/E ratio of 12.2 and an EV/FCF ratio of 10.8 over the trailing 12 months. If we stretch and compare current valuations with the five-year averages for earnings and free cash flow, we see that Wyndham has a P/E ratio of 59.0 and a five-year EV/FCF ratio of 26.1.
A positive one-year ratio of less than 10 for both metrics is ideal (at least in my opinion). For a five-year metric, less than 20 is ideal.
Wyndham is 0-for-4 on hitting the ideal targets, but let's see how it stacks up against some of its competitors and industry mates.
Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide
Choice Hotels International
Source: S&P Capital IQ; NM = not meaningful because of losses.
Numerically, we've seen how Wyndham's valuation rates on both an absolute and relative basis. Next, let's examine ...
The consistency of past earnings and cash flow
An ideal company will be consistently strong in its earnings and cash-flow generation.
In the past five years, Wyndham's net income margin has ranged from -30.3% to 10.5%. In that same time frame, unlevered free cash flow margin has ranged from -2.5% to 20.1%.
How do those figures compare with those of the company's peers? See for yourself:
Source: S&P Capital IQ; margin ranges are combined.
In addition, over the past five years, Wyndham has tallied up four years of positive earnings and three years of positive free cash flow.
Next, let's figure out ...
How much growth we can expect
Analysts tend to comically overstate their five-year growth estimates. If you accept them at face value, you will overpay for stocks. But even though you should definitely take the analysts' prognostications with a grain of salt, they can still provide a useful starting point when compared with similar numbers from a company's closest rivals.
Let's start by seeing what this company's done over the past five years. In that time period, Wyndham has put up past EPS growth rates of 7.8%. Meanwhile, Wall Street's analysts expect future growth rates of 16.7%.
Here's how Wyndham compares with its peers for trailing-five-year growth:
Source: S&P Capital IQ; EPS growth shown.
And here's how it measures up with regard to the growth analysts expect over the next five years:
Source: S&P Capital IQ; estimates for EPS growth.
The bottom line
The pile of numbers we've plowed through has shown us the price multiples that shares of Wyndham are trading at, the volatility of its operational performance, and what kind of growth profile it has -- both on an absolute and a relative basis.
The more consistent a company's performance has been and the more growth we can expect, the more we should be willing to pay. We've gone well beyond looking at a 12.2 P/E ratio, and we see two things regarding its price multiples: (1) its EV/FCF ratios are lower than its P/E ratios, and (2) its one-year multiples are cheap-looking (and lower than those of its peers), but its five-year multiples are elevated and higher than its peers'.
Although its earnings per share are higher now, it's had some lumpy earnings and free cash flows over the past five years.
Wyndham doesn't seem as cheap as its initial price multiples would suggest, but these initial numbers are just a start. If you find Wyndham's numbers or story compelling, don't stop here. Continue your due-diligence process until you're confident one way or the other.
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