Chesapeake Energy (OTC:CHKA.Q) will release its 2014 outlook at the end of this week and its fourth quarter earnings report by the end of the month. Until these two reports are released, let's examine how the company has done in the fourth quarter compared to leading oil and gas companies such as ExxonMobil (NYSE:XOM) and Chevron (NYSE:CVX), and see how the recent developments in the oil and gas markets may affect the company's revenue in the first quarter of 2014. 

One of Chesapeake's operational goals in 2013 was to increase its oil production. The company's 2013 oil production is estimated to be 41 million barrels -- nearly 30% higher than in 2012. The company's fourth quarter oil production is estimated at 10 million barrels -- 13% higher than in the fourth quarter of 2012. Moreover, the average quarterly price of crude oil was 10.5% higher than in 2012. Therefore, taking into account these two factors, the company's oil revenue rose by nearly 25%, assuming all else equal. During January, however, the average price of oil was $95, which was the same price as in January 2013. Therefore, if the price of oil remains at its current level, it won't positively affect the company's oil related revenue. 

Natural gas
During January, the average price of natural gas was roughly 35% higher than the same month last year; this could improve the company's revenue and profit margin in the first quarter. In the fourth quarter of 2013, the average price of natural gas was $3.86, which was nearly 9% higher than the average price in the same quarter in 2012. Thus, assuming all else equal and based on the company's output in the first three quarters of 2013, the company's total revenue rose by 1.3% in the fourth quarter due to the rise in the price of natural gas. Besides the changes in oil and natural gas, the company has also slowly regained the confidence of its investors. 

Chesapeake's road to redemption
During 2013, Chesapeake took several steps to improve its operational and financial situation. First, the company sold its assets in the Northern Eagle Ford Shale and Haynesville Shale -- assets that mostly produced natural gas. This sale cut down the company's exposure to natural gas and improved its liquidity. Chesapeake also reduced its financial risk by selling Chaparral Energy, a company with a significant amount of debt, even for this industry -- Chaparral's liabilities-to-assets ratio was 0.78. In comparison, Chesapeake's liabilities-to-assets ratio was 0.62, and Exxon's ratio was 0.51. These steps are likely to cut down the company's risk and further improve its standing compared to other oil and gas companies. 

Chesapeake has also done well in slowly improving its profitability in recent quarters. The chart below shows Chesapeake's operating profit (excluding goodwill charges) compared to other leasing oil and gas companies such as Exxon and Chevron. 

Source: Google Finance

As you can see, Chesapeake's profitability, excluding changes in goodwill, was in line with the profitability of Exxon and Chevron. 

Nonetheless, Chesapeake is still behind these companies in terms of dividend payments. Chesapeake's annual dividend yield is only 1.3%. In comparison, Exxon offers more than a 2.8% yield, While Chevron's yield is 3.6%. In the coming quarters, if Chesapeake's management decides to augment its dividend payment, it could draw more investors toward this company. 

The bottom line
I think Chesapeake's management has made several changes that reduce the company's risk and may improve its performance in the coming quarters. Finally, the recent developments in the natural gas market could benefit Chesapeake's revenue and profitability in the first quarter. 


This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.