Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) reported earnings for the second quarter of 2015 on Wednesday after official market hours. Both sales and earnings came in ahead of expectations, and the company is doing a great job at growing its user base and making more money per user. Expenses are also growing rapidly, but that's no big reason for concern for investors in Facebook stock.
Solid sales and earnings
Total revenue during the second quarter of 2015 came in at $4.04 billion, a 39% year-over-year increase, and better than the $3.99 billion average Wall Street analyst forecast. Excluding the impact from unfavorable currency fluctuations, revenue growth was a strong 50%.
Most of Facebook's growth came from advertising, as revenue from this key segment grew by 43% year over year, more than compensating for the 8% decline in payments and other fees. Advertising revenue jumped 55% on a constant currency basis.
Mobile advertising revenue represented a big 76% of total ad revenue for the second quarter of 2015, up from nearly 62% of ad revenue coming from mobile in the second quarter of 2014. This change shows that the company is making big inroads in the important mobile segment.
Facebook is investing tons of money on different growth initiatives, which is hurting profit margins. R&D expenditures accounted for 29% of revenue during the last quarter, up from 17% in the same period last year. Also, marketing and sales expenditures increased from 12% of sales in the second quarter of 2014 to 15% of revenue in the latest earnings report. This trend is putting downside pressure on profit margins, so operating profit margin declined from 48% to 31% of revenue.
Management had previously warned investors about rising expenditures, so increasing costs were broadly incorporated into analysts' projections for the quarter. Adjusted diluted earnings per share came in at $0.50, better than the $0.47-per-share average forecast.
Facebook is gaining more friends
Facebook keeps adding more users to the platform, and at a considerable speed. The company ended the second quarter with 1.49 billion average monthly users, a 13% increase versus the same period last year. Mobile monthly active users stand at 1.31 billion as of June 30, 2015, an 23% year-over-year increase.
Daily active users are outgrowing monthly ones, and this is a major positive when it comes to evaluating the key engagement trends. Daily users were 968 million on average during the last quarter, a 17% annual increase. Mobile platforms are a key growth driver when it comes to daily users, too, as daily average mobile users jumped 29% to 844 million.
Not only is Facebook delivering solid user growth, but the company is also making more money per user. Average revenue per user was $2.76 on a global basis during the second quarter, up from $2.24 per user in the same period last year.
It's important to note that Facebook makes far more money from its users in the U.S. and Canada than in other regions, and this situation signals that the company still has a lot of room to increase monetization by reducing the gap in the future.
Facebook made $9.30 per user in the U.S. and Canada in the last quarter, while the company produced $3.36 per user in Europe, $1.29 in the Asia-Pacific region, and $0.90 in the rest of the world. In the U.S. and Canada, monetization levels increased by 44% from the second quarter in 2014, so management is doing a great job on the monetization front, even in markets where monetization is already at relatively high levels.
To wrap up, Facebook delivered solid user growth, rising engagement levels, strong performance in mobile advertising, and higher monetization. There's a lot to like in the social network's latest earnings report.