Source: Microsoft.

Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) reported fiscal 2016 first-quarter results after the market close on Thursday. Under CEO Satya Nadella's leadership, the iconic tech company is making steady progress toward its goal of becoming a mobile- and cloud-first business. That appears to have put the once-struggling company back in investors' good graces, with Microsoft's shares up 10% as of noon Friday.

Microsoft results: The raw numbers 

 

Q1 2016

Q1 2015

Growth (YOY)

Revenue

$20.4 billion

$23.2 billion

-12%

Operating income

$5.8 billion

$5.8 billion

-1%

Net income

$4.6 billion

$4.5 billion

2%

Earnings per share

$0.57

$0.54

6%

Numbers rounded. Source: Microsoft Q1 2016 earnings press release.

What happened with Microsoft this quarter?
This was the first quarter under Microsoft's new operating structure. Revenue in the productivity and business processes segment, which includes Microsoft's Office business, declined 3% -- 4% in constant currency -- to $6.3 billion. Yet Office commercial products and cloud services revenue grew 5% in constant currency, with an impressive 70% jump (in constant currency) in Office 365 revenue growth. Helping to drive that growth was approximately 3 million subscriber additions during the quarter, which brought Office 365's total consumer subscriber count to 18.2 million.

Microsoft's intelligent cloud division, which includes its server and cloud computing businesses, saw its revenue rise 8% -- 14% in constant currency -- to $5.9 billion, boosted by more than 100% growth in the usage of its Azure cloud-computing platform, and 6x growth in the installed base of Microsoft's enterprise mobility solutions. Impressively, Microsoft's commercial cloud annualized revenue run rate now exceeds $8.2 billion.

Offsetting those gains was a 17% -- 13% in constant currency -- decline in revenue for Microsoft's personal computing segment, to $9.4 billion, due mostly to a weak global PC market. In addition, Microsoft's phone revenue plummeted 54% in constant currency, reflecting the company's continued struggles in the smartphone market. However, bright spots for the segment included news that 110 million devices were already running Windows 10, which also helped Bing's search advertising revenue jump 29% in constant currency. Xbox Live also enjoyed strong monthly active users growth of 28%, to 39 million.

Lastly, Microsoft continued to gush cash in the first quarter, generating nearly $8.6 billion in operating cash flow. Management remains committed to passing on that cash to shareholders, including $6.9 billion in share repurchases and dividends during the quarter.

What management had to say
"We are making strong progress across each of our three ambitions by delivering innovation people love," said Nadella in a press release. "Customer excitement for new devices, Windows 10, Office 365 and Azure is increasing as we bring together the best Microsoft experiences to empower people to achieve more."

CFO Amy Hood added: "We're pleased with our operating results this quarter. With financial discipline and strong execution, we grew operating income by 11% in non-GAAP constant currency."

And COO Kevin Turner concluded, "We're seeing great traction with businesses who want to bring Microsoft's cloud, mobile device management technology, and data analytics together to improve security and productivity resulting in almost 70% year-over-year growth in our commercial cloud run rate."

Looking forward
It appears that investors are willing to look past the weakness in Microsoft's personal computing division and focus more on the promise of its mobile- and cloud-based initiatives. As long as that remains the case, and Microsoft continues to show strong progress in these areas, more gains could lie ahead for its shareholders.

Joe Tenebruso has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of Microsoft. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.