After a rough 2015, when its stock dropped from $72.82 when the year started to $57.18 as it ended, DISH Network (NASDAQ:DISH) saw another big drop in January, 2016.

The company was on a mostly downward path for the entire month, opening at $56.11 on Jan. 4 -- down from its end-of-2015 close -- and finishing at $48.27 at the close of the last trading session for the month, a nearly 14% drop, according to S&P Capital IQ data. Some of the loss can be attributed to continued investor concerns about its 2015 numbers, but the biggest drops came after it was made public that the company faced $23 billion in potential fines for alleged violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act.

Dish

Source: YCharts.com.

What: The Department of Justice (DOJ), along with the states of Ohio, Illinois, California, and North Carolina, are seeking $900 million in civil penalties, and $23.5 billion in fines from DISH for violating the federal Do Not Call Registry, according to the Denver Post. They're going after the money -- which is more than DISH's market cap -- because a judge ruled that DISH and contractors working on its behalf made more than 55 million illegal telemarketing calls using recorded messages and phoning people on do-not-call lists.

So what: The DOJ and the four states still fighting DISH have set their sights awfully high given that the satellite television company has already settled with the 46 other states regarding the telemarketing calls, paying just less than $6 million all together, ARS Technica reported. DISH isn't really arguing its innocence; it's simply pointing out that the numbers being asked for are much higher than previous cases.

The satellite pay-television providers filed a motion in U.S. District Court calling the proposed penalty "a shocking amount far in excess of any penalties that the federal government has sought or obtained from any other entity for telemarketing violations, and for which the United States provides no factual support."

Now what: Ultimately, a settlement will be worked out, removing a large, dark cloud that's been hovering over DISH. Even though that will almost certainly happen, and the deal will be in the low millions and nowhere near the $23.5 billion being asked for, the company's stock may continue to suffer as long as the case is outstanding.

These are long-ago violations, and the company has made major changes to ensure nothing similar happens again. This is likely a one-time scenario; but coupled with the problems facing the pay-television market, in general, it was enough to drag DISH's stock down in January.

Daniel Kline has no position in any stocks mentioned. He does not understand why anyone would need more than two pairs of sneakers. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.