Although we don't believe in timing the market or panicking over market movements, we do like to keep an eye on big changes -- just in case they're material to our investing thesis.

What: Shares of regional telecom Centurylink (NYSE:CTL) rose as much as 12.9% on Thursday, following the release of a strong fourth-quarter report.

So what: In the fourth quarter, Centurylink's sales rose 0.8%, to $4,476 million. Adjusted earnings jumped 33% higher, landing at $0.80 per share. Analysts would have settled for earnings near $0.65 per share on revenues of roughly $4,420 million.

Looking ahead, Centurylink's management set the goal posts for fiscal year 2016 revenues around $17.7 billion. Adjusted full-year earnings should land near $2.60 per diluted share, and free cash flows are seen at roughly $1.9 billion.

By comparison, full-year revenues for fiscal year 2015 were $17.9 billion. Adjusted earnings added up to $2.71 per share, and free cash flows stopped at $2.7 billion.

Now what: Sales increased both in the consumer segment and in business-oriented operations. High-speed broadband connections led the way overall, along with strong adoption of the Centurylink Prism TV service.

However, outdated legacy services continue to hang around the company's neck like a concrete albatross. This is not unique, because the entire cable and telecom industries are dealing with similar issues. Investors still need to keep this legacy problem in mind before backing up the truck -- high growth may come in the far future -- but Centurylink (and friends) is stuck with this additional braking system for the foreseeable future.

And before getting too excited about Thursday's big jump, take another look at a longer-term chart. Centurylink shares are still lagging behind the overall market during the last five years, including a 27% plunge in the last year alone. One strong quarter doesn't change that unfortunate situation.

CTL Total Return Price Chart

CTL Total Return Price data by YCharts

Anders Bylund has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.