The latest fourth-quarter results from produce freshness company AgroFresh Solutions Inc. (NASDAQ:AGFS) didn't produce the kind of violent move created by the third-quarter results presentation, but they were no less dramatic for other reasons.
Following a disappointing opening to life as a listed company, AgroFresh's fourth-quarter results were in line with internal guidance. It also announced, however, the departure of CEO Thomas Macphee, while President Stan Howell will step down at the end of April. Who knew keeping apples fresh could cause so much drama?
AgroFresh Solutions results: The raw numbers
As discussed at the time of the third-quarter results, it was disappointing that AgroFresh's management didn't give guidance -- it's not the sort of transparency you expect from a newly listed (as of Aug. 2015) company. However, a few days later, management issued a press release "clarifying" comments made in the presentation, and promptly forecast full-year adjusted EBITDA in the range of $87 million to $93 million.
Fast-forward to the fourth quarter, and adjusted EBITDA came in at $90 million, a decline of 9% from 2014. Meanwhile, constant-currency sales declined 3% -- better than the estimated 8% to 10% decline in the global apple crop. (AgroFresh's core product is SmartFresh, a solution helping farmers and distributors manage storage during transportation and reduce wastage, and its primary end market is apples.) Full-year 2015 adjusted operating cash flow was $49 million.
Turning to full-year 2016 guidance:
- Sales growth of 5% to 12%
- Adjusted EBITDA of $90 million to $100 million
- Incremental (excluding one-time items) free cash flow generation of $35 million to $45 million
What happened with AgroFresh Solutions this quarter
The key points:
- A soft Northern Hemisphere apple crop pressured sales growth in the quarter.
- Operating cash flow of $36 million in the fourth quarter is intended to help capital structure and increase investments.
- Adjusted EBITDA margin declined from 58% in 2014 to 54% in 2015.
- Management claims to have gained penetration in "stored apples" and made "sales gains outside of North America."
What management had to say
Clearly, AgroFresh is trying to reduce dependence on SmartFresh and/or apples; as such, its priorities for 2016 include investing to generate:
- Increased penetration with SmartFresh in new fruits and geographies while maintaining gross margin
- Global sales of Harvista (expands harvest windows)
- Initial sales of RipeLock (quality management system for bananas)
- Pursuit of acquisition opportunities
Chair of the board Nance Dicciani highlighted growth priorities in the press release: "We expect to continue to build on our success as we penetrate additional fruits, build momentum for new technologies, expand our market leadership, and enter into new geographies. We are very confident in the long-term fundamentals of our markets and the business."
Until AgroFresh develops meaningful sales of its other products -- or even significant sales of SmartFresh with fruit such as pears or plums -- the company will still be seen as a one-trick pony, susceptible to margin erosion from new entrants in the marketplace such as FYSIUM. Unfortunately, the timing of a soft Northern Hemisphere apple crop -- particularly compared to a strong crop in 2014 -- only served to highlight the risk in relying on one key end market.
No matter what, AgroFresh will be judged by how successful the company is at expanding sales in other markets in 2016 while hoping for a better apple crop in the fall. Meanwhile, the search is on for a new CEO.