The ugly economy is apparently causing the last of the big-time spenders to tighten its belt. Google (NASDAQ:GOOG), previously known for its devil-may-care fiscal policies, has begun to cut its spending.

Not feeling so lucky?
A recent Wall Street Journal article provided a rundown of Google's increasingly frugal philosophy, as it ratchets down its legendary frenzied hiring practices and even its lesser-known expenses, like paying to open numerous offices in college towns and other unorthodox locations. Other recent reports have revealed Google's decision to cut 10,000 contract workers and reduce dining hours at its well-known free in-company cafeteria. 

Even more interestingly, Google seems to be backing away from its legendary willingness to let employees pursue pet projects on company time. Now the company is focusing that strategy in a more streamlined and disciplined manner, by putting less promising projects on the back burner until better times.

The apparent chaos at the company has been one of my pet peeves about Google's business over the years. Sure, innovation is fantastic, and taking smart risks can make great companies. But Google has too often launched projects that have been extremely difficult to monetize, if they even made any sense at all.

Online advertising, particularly in search, remains Google's bread and butter. No problem there. But some of its launches have seemed to merely copycat other companies' products. Google's delivered a poke in the eye to Yahoo! (NASDAQ:YHOO), Time Warner's (NYSE:TWX) AOL, and Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) many times, with products such as Gmail, Google Docs, and Chrome. But it's become harder to justify such projects when their ability to make any money is increasingly in doubt.

Google has also acquired countless small start-up companies, often with little obvious rhyme or reason. Again, it's been unclear what kind of financial return -- if any -- those grabs have offered.

Growth vs. growing up
Google has always displayed a fair share of youthful hubris. In its IPO filing, it included a letter -- inspired by Warren Buffett's communications for Berkshire Hathaway's (NYSE:BRK-A) (NYSE:BRK-B) annual reports -- that pretty much addressed the company's spending habits and told potential shareholders they could like it or leave it. Some tidbits from that document: "We will not hesitate to place major bets on promising new opportunities." And: "Do not be surprised if we place smaller bets in areas that seem very speculative or even strange."

There have been a lot of those "bets" going on, including the purchase of almost too many small companies to count. In 2007, I lifted an eyebrow when Google took a stake in 23andMe, an early-stage biotech company that just happened to be co-founded by Sergey Brin's new bride. 

But it's possible that the company is starting to show signs of maturity. Its recent innovative worker-swap initiative with Procter & Gamble (NYSE:PG) shows that Google may be ditching some hubris and acknowledging that there are things to learn from other organizations.

Is Google really growing up?

A lean, mean Google machine?
Over the years of Google's existence as a publicly traded company, I've become bearish on its pricey stock, not to mention on the media adulation and hype that seemed to follow its every move. For a while, I was excited like everybody else. But the constant hoopla got a little old after a while, especially if you started to ask, "But where's the money in that new initiative?"

I'm still a little bearish on Google, particularly because ad spending inevitably shrivels during recessions. Although its stock has fallen, I'm not convinced that the decline is done, especially if the coming quarters disappoint. That's why I still have an "underperform" call on it in Motley Fool CAPS. But could it be nearing the point where investors put it on their watch lists as a value stock, of all things?

You read that right. This Motley Fool Rule Breakers pick is now trading at just 16 times earnings. That's crazy for a tech stock, particularly this one. Even better, despite all of its spending over the years, Google still has $14.4 billion in cash and no debt. That stellar balance sheet makes it one of the survivor companies I've been fond of talking about lately.

Combine that with the apparent belt-tightening, and you can see how this company could become a lean, mean Google machine.

On Google's 10-year anniversary in September, I said that its creativity needs to be tempered with maturity and restraint. Maybe the company finally gets it. Or maybe tough times build character in companies and people alike.

Whatever the case, a grown-up Google could end up becoming a very good thing for investors' long-term portfolios.     

Google is a Motley Fool Rule Breakers selection. Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway are Motley Fool Inside Value recommendations. Berkshire Hathaway is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor pick. The Fool owns shares of Berkshire Hathaway, too.

Alyce Lomax owns no shares of any of the companies mentioned, nor does she listen to Billy Joel. The Fool has a disclosure policy.