Last summer, companies including ABB
One goal of the DII is to supply 15% of Europe's electricity needs by 2050, using renewable energy generated in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
In practice, this primarily means building massive concentrating solar thermal arrays in the Sahara, and piping the electricity across the Mediterranean to Europe via high-voltage direct current transmission lines. The project cost is pegged at around $600 billion.
We don't spend a lot of time dwelling on concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) technology, because most public solar companies, from SunPower
Masdar City, Abu Dhabi's planned carbon-neutral, zero-waste city, has planned on using PV to generate its electricity and CSP to provide its cooling. The emirate appears to be rethinking the practicality of desert CSP, however. Local newspaper The National has reported that "tests had shown that dust and haze reduced the technology's performance."
Such a performance hitch could perhaps send DESERTEC back to the drawing board. Or it could open the door for First Solar, Suntech Power