Just so we're clear. If you split two in half, you have two sets with one each. And if you add them back together, you have two. There's no magic math here.
Don't get me wrong, I see how the move is a good idea. The two units are in different places in their biotech lives.
Elan sells multiple sclerosis treatment Tysabri with Biogen Idec
The drug discovery business, Neotope Biosciences, is more of a long-term play. The group hopes to have three drugs in the clinic by 2015, which puts the drugs years away from an FDA approval. When spinning out the unit, Elan plans on seeding Neotope with capital for 2.5 years, which should get the latter to a value inflection point where it can raise more capital on its own.
Splitting up the company will allow investors to own either of the companies or continue to own both. Choice is always good. But from a value point of view, there's no change in the value because shareholders will get shares of Neotope as a special dividend, making Elan's value go down.
By shedding Neotope's research expenses, Elan expects to be profitable immediately. That'll allow it to take advantage of carried-forward operating losses to lower its tax bill. But they'll eventually run out, so the operating losses have little impact on Elan's long-term value.
The real hope for the "sum of the parts" argument is that one or both of the units is more attractive individually and might be taken out for a premium. PDL Biopharma
It doesn't always work out that well, though. Myriad Genetics
Choice is good, but buying for a spinout and a purchase isn't exactly the best investment thesis.
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Fool contributor Brian Orelli holds no position in any company mentioned. Click here to see his holdings and a short bio. The Motley Fool owns shares of Abbott Laboratories. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.