Everyone knows it's important to save for retirement. But recent studies show that most people don't have a clue what they own in their retirement portfolios, let alone why they own it.

In the following video, Dan Caplinger, The Motley Fool's director of investment planning, gives you three easy steps to follow to get a handle on your retirement portfolio. First, Dan recommends gathering your records, with most recent statements to make a list of all the investments you have. Second, for each item on your list, figure out what type of investment it is, breaking funds into their component parts based on whether they invest in stocks, bonds, other investments, or a mix of each. Finally, Dan notes that if you need help, get it -- but be careful about using advisors whose primary goal is to get you to transfer your assets to them. Ideally, paying a fixed fee for an objective view is much better than a "free" look that involves an expensive relationship later on. Dan concludes that by following these three steps, you'll have a much better handle on how you're doing with your retirement planning.

Dan Caplinger and The Motley Fool have no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools don't all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.