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Carpenter Technology (NYSE:CRS)
Q2 2020 Earnings Call
Jan 30, 2020, 10:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Operator

Good morning and welcome to the Carpenter Technology's second-quarter fiscal 2020 earnings conference call. [Operator instructions] Please note, this event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Brad Edwards, investor relations. Please go ahead.

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Thank you operator. Good morning everyone and welcome to the Carpenter Technology earnings conference call for the fiscal second quarter ended December 31, 2019. This call is also being broadcast over the Internet, along with presentation slides. Please note, for those of you listening by phone, you may experience a time delay in slide movement.

Speakers on the call today are Tony Thene, president and chief executive officer; and Tim Lain, vice president and chief financial officer. Statements made by management during this earnings presentation that are forward-looking statements are based on current expectations. Risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those forward-looking statements can be found in Carpenter Technology's most recent SEC filings, including the company's report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019, Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 and the exhibits attached to those filings. Please also note that in the following discussion, unless otherwise noted, when management discuss the sales or revenue, that reference excludes surcharge.

When referring to operating margins, that is based on operating income and sales, excluding surcharge. I will now turn the call over to Tony.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you Brad and good morning to everyone on the call today. Let's begin on Slide 4 and a review of our safety performance. Our total case incident rate or TCIR stands at 1.3 through the second quarter of fiscal year 2020. Our employees are the face of our safety program.

They are the most knowledgeable about the workplace and know-how to make it safer. Their engagement and promotion of our safety system is essential for our success. While TCIR is our primary measure of performance, we continue to see improvements in our leading indicators. For instance, when we look at our total injuries, which include first-aid treatment cases, our injury frequency rate has improved 17% year over year.

In addition, proactive activities such as reporting of near misses and safety stops have increased by 44%. The emphasis we have placed on improving our safety culture has resulted in a reduced severity of injuries, which is a direct result of our employees' involvement and engagement. We're confident that continued focus on ongoing investment in our safety systems will deliver our ultimate goal of a 0 injury workplace. Now, let's turn to Slide 5 and a review of the second-quarter performance.

Our second-quarter results demonstrate our ability to deliver consistent year-over-year earnings growth and drive backlog expansion while generating record performance at SAO. This past quarter marked our 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year sales and earnings growth. It also marked the 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year backlog growth, as we continue to execute at a high level. Our solutions help customers address critical performance requirements, and this is driving expanded sales opportunities and share gains across our end-use markets.

At SAO, we are driving a richer product mix, which contributed to record second-quarter operating income. This marked the second consecutive quarter of record operating income performance at SAO. In addition, our deliberate mix shift, the benefit of our Athens facility and productivity improvements resulted in adjusted operating margin of 19.9% during the second quarter. This is the fifth consecutive quarter in which SAO adjusted operating margin was above 18%.

In the aerospace and defense end-use market, sales increased 19% year over year and backlog was up 14% compared to last year. Our sales and backlog performance in aerospace and defense end-use market demonstrate the benefits of our broad solutions portfolio, our strong presence across attractive submarkets and participation on almost all the major platforms. In addition, customer activity and dialogue at Athens remains high, and we received four additional VAP approvals during the second quarter. Sales in the medical end-use market, which accounts for approximately 9% of total company revenue increased 13% compared to last year.

Our high-value solutions continue to capitalize on strong demand patterns. Lastly, we continue to be committed to building on our strong core business by making strategic investments in critical emerging technologies. These are areas that we believe will be significant in the future of our industry and our investments will strengthen our long-term position as a solutions provider and critical supply chain partner for our customers. I will touch more on this subject later in the presentation.

Now, let's move to Slide 6 and the end market update. Looking first at aerospace and defense, where sales increased 19% compared to last year. This is year-over-year growth in each of our aerospace submarkets. The 737 MAX grounding and recent production hall is a major and ongoing development for the entire aerospace supply chain.

While we're certainly not immune to the situation, we do believe we're well positioned to navigate the near-term impact. I will provide more detailed comments on this topic shortly. Moving on to the medical end-use market, where sales were up 13% year over year. This growth was due to share gains, primarily in the orthopedic and dental submarkets.

It is clear our solutions bring significant value to customers as we're winning market share, and our deepened OEM relationships are unlocking incremental opportunities for our high value applications. Capacity expansion projects at Dynamet are nearing completion, which will allow us to further capitalize on the strong forward demand indicators we see in this end-use market. We see ongoing strong demand for applications across many of our submarkets, including orthopedics, cardiology and dental. In the transportation end-use market, sales were up 4% compared to last year.

In the light-vehicle submarket, there is increasing demand in North America for local content and high temperature resistant alloys. We are capitalizing on these demand patterns with our high temperature bar and strip solutions that are specifically designed to address increasing engine performance requirements. Now moving to the energy end-use market and our oil and gas and power generation submarkets. Total energy sales declined 26% year over year.

The oil and gas market is facing significant headwinds in North America as operators have reduced drilling activity, idled equipment and continue to operate with a focus on managing free cash flow. The North American directional and horizontal rig count fell 9% sequentially and was down 23% compared to last year. The oil and gas submarket accounts for only 5% of total company revenue. Given the ongoing challenges facing the oil and gas business, especially in North America, we initiated restructuring actions at our Amega West business during the second quarter.

In the industrial and consumer end-use market, revenues were down 18% year over year and sales declined mainly due to reduced infrastructure activity and some volatility in the semiconductor market. It is also important to note that our sales into the industrial submarket continue to be impacted by portfolio prioritization as we further shift our production to higher value solutions. Now let's move to Slide 7, where I will update you on a 737 MAX discussion. Over the last several years, we've worked hard to refine our strategic vision, which is to be a preferred solutions provider of mission-critical products and an irreplaceable partner in the supply chains we participate.

I've mentioned several times in the past that the breadth of our solutions portfolio is a strategic advantage. That advantage is evident today as the supply chain manages through the 737 MAX disruption. More than half of our total revenue is generated from the aerospace and defense end-use market, which, as you know, is an attractive margin business. However, we also provide key solutions in other strategic end-use market such as medical, industrial and consumer and transportation.

Important to note that across every one of these end-use markets we participate in the top 1% of the value pyramid, high end specialty alloy products that address critical application performance requirements. In our aerospace and defense market, we participate in rich submarkets such as engines, fasteners, structural and defense with exposure on practically all commercial platforms. We believe our diverse industry participation from an application and submarket standpoint is an important differentiator when compared to other aerospace supply chain participants. As such, this portfolio breadth provides opportunities to partially mitigate disruptions in the market, such as the current 737 MAX issue over the next couple of quarters.

With that said, it's clear that the supply chain reaction to the recent 737 MAX development remains in a state of flux. We are working closely with our customers to understand their material needs and evaluate how the reaction to the 737 MAX production halt will ultimately impact our production plans. Of course, every customer is different. For instance, we know of certain customers that already anticipated the latest negative news to some degree and adjusted their projected requirements.

We've also seen certain customers reporting a high need for spares and asking for urgent spot support. To be clear when I speak of the need for spares, I'm referring to older engines, which are still in service and are running longer. Of course, there are many supply chain participants who are still evaluating how they want to proceed as they look to balance near-term reduced requirements against the need to maintain production rate readiness. This is a critical concept to manage its production capacity in this complex supply chain can easily and effectively be turned off and on.

Finally, there are participants that did not anticipate the recent news. Having built ahead, they are now expressing reduced near-term requirements. That takes us to the ultimate question. What is the anticipated impact of Carpenter Technology due to the 737 MAX disruption? Carpenter Technology provides specialty materials to our customers, who in turn, use that material to forge and manufacture parts that are ultimately used in the production of aircraft and related components.

This makes it more difficult for us to specifically identify which platform or application each pound of material that we sell will be used in. However, we know our customers well and can make certain assumptions. Those assumptions are based on where we believe our customers are positioned in the supply chain and what portion of their business is allocated to each aircraft platform, as well as where they might be leading or lagging actual demand. With that framework in mind and based on what we know today, we estimate the net impact for our SAO segment in the third quarter to be approximately $10 million of operating income.

Let me offer a few points of clarification. The estimate is not exact, but rather represents the average of a range based on varying time assumptions. The estimated financial impact is a net impact number. In other words, it is our estimated gross impact less an estimate of any mitigating actions. And finally, this estimate is for SAO Q3 only and may not be relevant to other periods.

Assuming this estimated net impact, SAO operating income in Q3 is projected to be similar to the results delivered in Q2. The result would be a record third quarter for SAO despite the negative impact of the 737 MAX disruption. I think that speaks to the earnings strength of SAO. For our PEP segment, we estimate that the net impact in Q3 will be between $1.5 million and $2.5 million in operating income.

The same clarifications I just made apply to the PEP segment estimate as well. Obviously, the fourth quarter is less clear. We would expect that the gross impact will be higher, but we also have more opportunity to exercise the mitigating actions. That being said, it is possible that the fourth-quarter net impact is similar to what I just communicated for the third quarter.

As I mentioned, the exposure we are referring to is net of actions we anticipate will reduce the disruption impact. Those actions in the near-term include redeploying capacity to non-737 MAX demand for firm orders currently in our backlog. This would include firm orders for the broader aerospace and defense market as well as high-value applications across our other end-use markets, including transportation, medical, energy and industrial and consumer end-use markets. In some cases, a long lead times, we have seen due to the ramp in aerospace demand, over the last several years have been limiting our ability to capitalize on sales opportunities in other markets.

We believe we may be able to be more flexible in these high-value areas by redeploying our capacity as the aerospace supply chain digests the 737 MAX production situation. While the ongoing 737 MAX situation is certainly a major development, we continue to believe in a strong long-term underlying fundamentals of the aerospace market. 737 MAX situation clearly presents challenges for the overall aerospace supply chain. However, we believe we are better positioned than many other companies to weather this situation.

We will continue to evaluate the situation, stay in close contact with our customers and execute initiatives aimed at partially offsetting the negative impact of the 737 MAX disruption. Now, I'll turn it over to Tim for the financial review.

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks Tony. Good morning everyone. I'll start on Slide 9 the income statement summary. Net sales in the second quarter were $573 million, and sales excluding surcharge were $471.2 million.

Sales excluding surcharge grew 5% year over year on 7% lower volume, driven by double-digit growth in our aerospace and defense and medical end-use markets. Demand levels remain strong as total backlog grew 7% year over year again driven by the strength in aerospace and defense. This quarter marked the 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year backlog growth. SG&A expenses were $55.3 million in the second quarter, up roughly $4 million from the same period a year ago.

The increase was primarily due to the ongoing investments in additive manufacturing. Going forward, we expect SG&A expenses to be relatively flat or about $55 million per quarter for the balance of the year. Operating income was $55 million in the quarter compared to $55.4 million in the prior-year period. Operating income in the current second quarter includes $2.3 million of restructuring charges related to our Amega West business as we took actions to rightsize the footprint and cost structure of that business to reflect current market conditions.

Last year's second quarter included $1.2 million of acquisition-related costs associated with the LPW transaction. Excluding these special items, operating income was $57.3 million in the current quarter and $56.6 million in the same quarter last year. Operating income, excluding special items as a percentage of sales was 12.2% in the quarter. Our effective tax rate for the second quarter was 23.2%.

We currently expect the effective tax rate to be 23% to 25% for the balance of the year. Net income for the quarter was $38.8 million or $0.79 per diluted share. When adjusted for the restructuring charges, adjusted earnings per share was $0.83 for the quarter. Adjusted EPS grew 9% year over year, marking the 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year earnings growth.

Now turning to Slide 10 and a review of free cash flow. Free cash flow in the second quarter was negative $35 million. Within the quarter, we increased inventory by $57 million. We expect to reduce inventory in the second half of our fiscal year, consistent with our historic pattern of building inventory in the first half with a follow-on reduction in inventory in the second half of the fiscal year.

In the second quarter, we spent $47 million on capital projects. We expect to spend $170 million in capital expenditures for fiscal year 2020, consistent with our prior guidance. Within the $170 million, there are several large multiyear projects. First, the $100 million hot strip mill being constructed on our Reading PA campus.

This investment is being made to provide enhanced capacity and capabilities related to our soft magnetics portfolio and is expected to be completed in the summer of this year. Second, in the third quarter of fiscal year 2020, we will complete the capacity expansion projects for our Dynamet titanium business, allowing us to capture emerging growth for our high-value titanium solutions in the medical market. Finally, we recently completed our emerging technology center. In early December we held a grand opening to showcase the facility that is located on our Athens, Alabama campus.

Tony will provide some more commentary on this project later in the presentation. Finishing up this slide, our liquidity position remains strong. As of the close of the current quarter, we had $305 million of total liquidity, including $30 million of cash. As we have consistently said, our financial position is important as it allows us the flexibility to invest in our future growth and return value to shareholders.

Now turning to Slide 11 and our SAO segment results. Net sales for the quarter were $483 million or $382.5 million excluding surcharge. Sales excluding surcharge increased 7% year over year on 8% lower volume. The results reflect strong demand in the aerospace and defense and medical end-use markets, combined with continued improvement in our product mix.

The improvement was partially offset by the ongoing weakness in the energy market and our portfolio rationalization efforts in the industrial and consumer market. Sequentially sales excluding surcharge decreased 3% on 6% lower volumes. SAO operating income was $76.3 million for the second quarter with adjusted operating margin of 19.9%. The same quarter a year ago, SAO's operating income was $69 million.

The current quarter's performance marks the high second quarter operating income on record for SAO. We continue to surpass prior financial performance due to the coupling of improving year-over-year product mix and creating incremental capacity being manufacturing improvements. The current quarter's results were negatively impacted by a pronounced surcharge lag. As a reminder, for most of our business, the impact of changes in raw materials is passed through to our customers via surcharges.

A portion of our business has a surcharge mechanism that is not aligned with how we buy raw materials and therefore, creates a surcharge lag. The surcharge lag is only significant in periods of sharply changing raw material prices. Over the last several quarters, the surcharge lag has been in the range of $1 million to $2 million and has not had a significant impact on earnings. In the current quarter, given a sharp increase in nickel prices, the surcharge lag resulted in an unfavorable impact in operating income of about $4 million.

In terms of the outlook for the upcoming third quarter, we continue to see strong demand in most of our key end-use markets. As Tony mentioned in his comments, we're currently evaluating opportunities to mitigate the impact of the 737 MAX disruption in our third quarter. Based on feedback from our customers and what we now know, we expect that we will be able to partially mitigate the near-term impacts of this disruption and still deliver similar operating income in Q3 relative to Q2 for SAO. Now turning to Slide 12 and our PEP segment results.

Net sales excluding surcharge were $104.1 million, which were down $5 million from Q2 of fiscal year 2019. In the current quarter, PEP generated operating income of $0.4 million. Dynamet continued to experience strong demand for titanium products, predominantly in the aerospace and defense and medical end-use markets in the second quarter. The current quarter's results for Dynamet were slightly below expectations.

However with the completion of the expansion projects, we expect to capture additional medical market opportunities in the second half of the fiscal year. The ongoing challenges in the oil and gas industry especially in North America continue to negatively impact Amega West's operating income. As I mentioned earlier, we took action in the second quarter to rationalize the footprint and cost structure of that business based on the current market environment. We will continue to evaluate strategic options for Amega West going forward as the market evolves.

The additive manufacturing business generated similar sequential losses in the current quarter, and we continue to view additive as a long-term investment in an emerging market. As we look ahead to the third quarter, we expect PEP to deliver operating income similar to the second quarter. Our estimate for Q3 includes the expected impact of 737 MAX disruption on PEP. Further, the downturn in the energy market, specifically in the Permian Basin, is expected to continue.

Oil and gas customers are continuing to moderate investments. We will also continue to invest strategically in additive manufacturing as this platform is critical for our long-term growth strategy. I'll now turn the call back over to Tony.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Tim. Let's move to Slide 14. As I noted earlier, over half of our revenue comes from the aerospace and defense end-use market. The long-term fundamentals of the aerospace market are robust and Carpenter Technology is well positioned to capitalize on the future growth, especially with the ramp-up of our facility in Athens, Alabama.

But the 737 MAX issue is a reminder that disruptions in the complex aerospace supply chain will occur from time to time. At Carpenter Technology, we want to be well prepared to mitigate such disruptions as well as build out businesses that will accelerate our revenue and earnings growth. With that in mind, we continue to operate with a focus on driving near-term earnings growth, while also investing for the future in order to position Carpenter Technology for sustainable long-term growth. We are doing this in three distinct areas as portrayed on the slide.

First, investing in emerging technologies such as additive manufacturing to ensure our place as an irreplaceable solutions provider in the years to come. Second, identifying attractive market adjacencies for our solutions, such as soft magnetics that will strengthen our capabilities to capitalize on future disruptive trends. And third, expanding our capacity and capability to meet strong forward demand patterns in our medical end-use market, which is one of our fastest-growing markets. Let me start with additive manufacturing.

I firmly believe that the future of our industry and our customers' material needs are going to be meaningfully impacted by additive manufacturing. Our strategy over the last several years has been to build a leading end-to-end additive manufacturing platform by combining the foundation of our long history of powder metallurgy capabilities and expertise with capabilities acquired through several strategic acquisitions. The capstone of our additive manufacturing journey to date was the completion of our Emerging Technology Center or ETC on our Athens campus. ETC demonstrates our end-to-end platform by managing the complete production cycle under one roof and in one location of making metal powder, producing parts via additive manufacturing, finishing the parts and shipping the finished parts to customers.

Another area where we continued to invest for future growth is soft magnetics to capitalize on the growing number of electrification initiatives being pursued by major OEMs. We're leveraging our existing proprietary alloys and developing solutions for this rapidly developing market that includes not only electric vehicles, but also other electrification initiatives and markets such as aerospace and defense. The construction of our hot strip mill on our Reading campus remains on track as we look to expand our existing soft magnetics capabilities and capacity. And lastly, the capacity expansion projects at our Dynamet facilities.

The medical end-use market has been one of our fastest growing markets, given consistent strong demand for our high-value solutions. The capacity expansion at Dynamet will enable us to further capitalize on the demand for our solutions, which are becoming increasingly recognized and used in the development of new medical applications. To summarize these growth areas: additive manufacturing, soft magnetics and increased titanium capacity are strategic extensions of our core business and critical to accelerating our earnings growth and remain a solutions provider for our customers in the years and decades to come. Now let's turn to the next slide and my closing comments.

In closing, let me summarize the key takeaways from today's call. Number one, we continued to deliver consistent year-over-year earnings growth and backlog expansion. The second quarter was our 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year earnings and sales growth and our 12th consecutive quarter of year-over-year backlog growth. Number two, SAO delivered another record quarterly operating income, with adjusted operating margins of 19.9%.

We see strong potential for further margin expansion at SAO, given our ongoing mixed shift to higher value applications, the benefits of our Athens facility and continued productivity improvement through the Carpenter operating model. Number three, customer engagement at Athens remains high given the critical incremental capacity we can offer the aerospace industry. We continue to progress on obtaining the stringent VAP qualifications and received four additional qualifications during our second quarter. Number four, the long-term demand signals in aerospace and defense remained robust with a current backlog posted 13,000 aircraft, which represents seven to eight years of production.

In addition, our broad platform exposure and leading position across multiple attractive aerospace submarkets offer strong future growth opportunities. Number five, our medical end-use market continues to deliver meaningful year-over-year growth as our high-value solutions are fulfilling emergent demand, and we're consistently driving sales in excess of market growth rates. Number six, we continue to operate with a focus on driving near-term earnings growth, while also investing for your future in our physician Carpenter Technology for sustainable long-term growth. These investments include additive manufacturing, soft magnetics in the titanium capacity expansion.

Number seven, our balance sheet remained strong and we have no significant near-term financial obligations. This gives us the continued flexibility to invest in our future growth and best position Carpenter Technology for increasing returns to shareholders. And number eight, while the supply chain disruption caused by the 737 MAX will have a near-term impact, we believe we're well positioned to manage the situation. We have a diverse range of applications across other end-use markets.

We have a broad solution portfolio across multiple attractive aerospace submarkets. We participate on almost every commercial aerospace platform, and we have opportunities to redeploy capacity to capitalize on the growth opportunities in markets other than aerospace. 737 MAX disruption is the highest profile topic in aerospace industry today and rightly so. However, we are optimistic that an appropriate solution will be agreed to and aircraft will return to service.

Without a question, there will be a near-term impact to earnings. We have given you guidance estimates for our next two quarters, with the understanding that the situation can change quickly. With the long-term earnings potential of Carpenter is intact, 737 MAX disruption does not change that. We remain excited about the future of Carpenter Technology.

We believe the execution of our strategy will continue to enhance our long-term sustainable growth profile and will result in increasing returns for our shareholders and customers for years to come. Thank you for your interest, and I'll turn it back to the operator to field your questions.

Questions & Answers:


Operator

[Operator instructions] The first question is from Josh Sullivan of The Benchmark company. Please go ahead.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

Good morning.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning Josh.

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Good morning Josh.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

Can you just talk a little bit about the appetite of those aerospace programs outside of the 737 to take advantage of this short-term capacity. I know you said either just build spares or OEM stocks. Are they willing to negotiate? How aggressive do you need to be to get them to take that capacity?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well good morning Josh. I think the point is here. We have orders from customers in different markets that today we cannot fit into our near-term schedule. So this isn't a point of us going out and trying to find new business.

This is a business that we have in front of us that now allows us to pull that forward and satisfy that customer.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

And customers are taking that inventory without any price concessions or anything along those lines?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

We don't have any reason to do price concessions.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

Got it. And then just as far as the VAP qualifications go, where do you stand on the total number expected? I know some are more important than others. Maybe where do you stand on a percentage basis of the total business needing VAP approvals?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

With the four this quarter that puts us at 19. So I would say that's well over half of our way there. As you know not every qualification is of equal weight. Obviously, the four that we received this quarter are meaningful, but there are still a couple large ones out there that we are working through.

And in many times, I've said this before, I would take progress on a very substantial qualification before I might take a final qualification on another one, if that makes sense. So we received four qualifications this month, but just as importantly, we moved the ball down the field substantially on a couple other very significant ones for us. And I think you'll see it start to announce over the next couple of quarters.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

Got it. And then just switching over to the PEP business. On the medical side, obviously, some great growth. One, is there any opportunity to vertically integrate there? And then two, the utilization versus the margin dynamic with this new capacity coming on, how leverageable is that? How should we think about that as it gets filled here over the next year?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Let me take the second part first. We've timed this expansion in our Dynamet facility, primarily due to medical and we're really on the razor's edge, so to speak. In many cases, you build capacity before the demand, we are actually both of those simultaneously. So our customers are asking for that material right now.

It is a relatively complex expansion because we're expanding, not just both of our facilities, but we are moving some equipment between the facilities. So that makes just another level of complexity. So the answer there is, we are trying to expand and move equipment at the same time that we're trying to deal with at -- in some cases, significant increase in demand. That is the challenge right now.

To be very transparent, I think the team is doing a very nice job, but I think we need to go faster and we have customers that are staying in beside us right now. But at the end of the day, they want more material. And we need to up our game a bit there to push this expansion across the line and get them the material they so much desire. That's the first part of your question of vertical integration.

I think, that really might come from a -- I think that's where the additive manufacturing comes into play. I don't want to talk -- I don't have a lot of information I'd share with you at this time, but I think there are opportunities for us in the vertical integration side around the AEM business that we're building.

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

OK. Thank you.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

The next question is from Phil Gibbs of KeyBanc Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey good morning.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning Phil.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Tony, what was the backlog growth overall year-on-year? I think you said aerospace and defense is 14% but what was the overall number? And then also can you give us a feel for what your jet engine sales were year-end?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

You got it. So the overall backlog growth was 7%. So it's a little lower than it's been in the last couple of quarters as you might guess, what's pushing that number down is energy business, the backlog has decreased substantially year over year and also our transportation business was down a bit as well. That's a business for us that is quite critical for us, but at times, we have an issue of fitting that into the schedule.

From an engine, I think you asked the engine sales year over year, they were up year over year by 17.5% and up 4% sequentially.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. Thank you. And then just a general kind of view here as we think about your aerospace and defense businesses and its entirety, you gave a nice breakout here between engines faster and structural and defense. But if I think about just overall aftermarket or call it, MRO versus OEM within that whole portfolio, any sense and -- or feel? Is it an equal split? Are you heavier on the OE side? Just trying to think through this as the market's going to be in flux for a few quarters?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

It is not an equal split. I would say, we're more dependent on the OEM versus the aftermarket. I'd rather not give you the exact breakout, but I would say the majority is OEM.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. That's helpful. I appreciate it guys. Thanks so much.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

[Operator instructions] The next question comes from Gautam Khanna of Cowen & Company. Please go ahead.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Hey good morning guys.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning Gautam.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

A couple of questions. So just on the sequential EBIT impact that you talked about at SAO of $10 million, so flat sequentially. That's net. So what is sort of -- what's your estimate of the gross impact, if you will, before the mitigation? And what happens to the $4 million of out-of-phase surcharges? Does that ever come back? Is that included in the $10 million net? Any granularity there would be helpful.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

OK. I'll start with the first and I'm going to let Tim take on your two different questions in two separate issues. We made a conscious decision Gautam and I'm not surprised you are the one to ask this question. We made a conscious decision to say, it's not the best thing for us to do to talk about water content is per platform, right? Which gets into your question about what's gross and what's net and trying to really bifurcate all of that that out.

Obviously we have assumptions and we have marks for each one of those platforms to be able to get you to the number that we did. For us, we thought it was the best to give you that net number and really give you some clarity of what the impact was going to be for the quarter. We spent quite a bit of time on that, quite frankly. And I'd rather just stick to that going forward as opposed to saying what's the gross amount, what is the net amount.

I think it is fair to point out that because of the longer cycle products that we make, the production cycle is quite long. Obviously the impact in Q3 is going to be less because those products are already in production cycle. Our contracts, for the most part, allow us to not accept changes to that cycle, once it has been started. But then once we get to the second quarter -- sorry, the fourth quarter -- our fiscal fourth quarter, that dynamic changes a little bit, right? So the gross impact will increase.

But as I said on the call, it also gives us an opportunity now to adjust mill schedules to go after some other business. So didn't answer your question directly there, but hopefully, you understand, that's really the way we've decided to guide on this very important issue going forward. And I'll give it back to Tim to talk about the lag.

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. Gautam, on the lag, I mean, as I said in my remarks, it generally hasn't been a big driver of profitability. One way or the other it's been about $1 million or $2 million. We did have that big spike in nickel prices early in the quarter.

So assuming nickel prices normalize here and stay where they are, yes, there may be some return of that in a favorable lag, but that's kind of all built into our numbers for Q3.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

And Gautam I would just add, as you all know, you can do the math. I mean a penny earnings per share is only about $600,000 of operating income for us. So it doesn't take a whole lot to get to a penny a share in SAO came in a bit below our guidance, and that was really one of the main factors. The lag was a little bit more negative than what we anticipated, and our shipments were a little bit like those last couple of days of the quarter with the holidays.

There's a couple of shipments that we didn't get out. That was really the main -- the two main drivers for a relatively small miss in SAO from our standpoint -- versus our guidance, I should say.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Yep. No, I agree. And then just so I understand, have the customers -- have your customers in the forging supply chain conveyed to you what their plans are for the June quarter? Or is this truly influx, like you just don't know, they haven't given you a number because we're hearing all kinds of things from the supply chain as they report. I'm just curious how fluid the situation is in? And then relatedly to a prior question on pricing in other markets, should we be concerned that as other suppliers like yourselves look to backfill capacity that's been freed up from a lower max volume that there is a bit of a price degradation as you pursue those marginal -- those other markets because everyone's trying to do it at the same time.

And any perspective on both questions.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Listen, I'll take the second one first. We do not anticipate that, and we do not anticipate taking that approach. We see this as a long-term approach. This is a short-term issue, the way we see it, albeit a significant one.

So it's not about price concessions in the near term. It doesn't make sense to us. That's not the business that we're in. And I think the relationships we have with our customers are very strong, and we understand that.

And we want to have a long-term relationship with the customer. So I do not see that dynamic in the market. To your customer question, there's -- you can think about it this way. Our customers are in about every situation you can be in.

Like we said, there are some that have been very -- much more, I'll say, aggressive looking forward, anticipating what this might be, and they've made some adjustments to their requirement, and those are built in. Those are built into our guidance today. There are others that, although, they're making these adjustments, they've pivoted a bit and said, "Hey, we have a need over here. Can we move some of our core capacity to that area.

We still see some urgent spot request. There are other customers got them that are still working through this and understanding how they want to handle it. I've listened to a couple of earnings calls prior to ours and listen to the management team speak, and it's a very important point that you said, you can't turn this capacity on and off like a light switch. So a lot of them are really trying to think hey, I can't take this production down to 0, because if I do, I can't get it back fast enough when this demand comes back.

So there's a nice chunk of customers that are wrestling with that very difficult question right now. And of course there's a couple that have built a little bit more inventory than what they would like, and we're working with them on an individual basis to mitigate that for them. I can't say that majority of our contracts do have some flexibility clauses that we -- that -- and it -- that it defines when a customer can and can't make a change. For the most part, we do not accept changes once that that product has started production or if it's in finished goods.

But again, we prefer a long-term relationship, and we work with each of our customers on a one-on-one basis to try to help them manage through this process effectively just like we're trying to.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

And one last one if I may. Just at the PEP segment, Boeing announced the 787 rate cut to 10 at some point in early 2021. When would you, A, like, is there any ballpark you can give us on the magnitude of the impact to PEP Dynamet? And when you might feel it? Because I know it's a big titanium fastener platform and wondering when that starts to kick in and how that informs your view on the June quarter?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

We've taken into consideration. So the guidance that we have given you takes into consideration all those factors. Now I've not given a specific number of what the -- how that impacts us for the 787. I would say this when you think about Dynamet.

And a lot of people rightly so think about Dynamet as an aerospace business, and that's true. But the -- and it's a very good business for us, and we're very appreciative to have it. But Dynamet is a medical business as well. And over 50% of our revenues are coming from medical and Dynamet and that's a bit of a mind shift that not everyone has really caught out to yet.

So I hope that helps.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Thanks guys.

Operator

This concludes our question-and-answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Brad Edwards for closing remarks.

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Thanks Kate and thanks everyone for joining us today on our second quarter earnings call. We look forward to speaking with all of you on our third-quarter call in April. Have a great day.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 48 minutes

Call participants:

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Josh Sullivan -- The Benchmark Company -- Analyst

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

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