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ChipMOS Technologies Ltd (NASDAQ:IMOS)
Q2 2020 Earnings Call
Aug 11, 2020, 8:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Greetings, and welcome to the ChipMOS Technologies Inc. Second Quarter 2020 Results Conference Call. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. A question-and-answer session will follow the formal presentation. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to turn the conference over to your host Mr. David Pasquale with Global IR Partners. Please go ahead, sir.

David Pasquale -- Investor Relations Executive

Thank you, operator. Welcome, everyone, to ChipMOS' Second Quarter 2020 Results Conference Call. Joining us today from the Company are Mr. S.J. Cheng, Chairman and President; Ms. Silvia Su, Vice President of Finance and Accounting Management Center. S.J. will review business highlights and provide color on the operating environment. Silvia will then review the Company's key financial results. We are also joined on the call today by Mr. Jesse Huang, Spokesperson and Vice President of Strategy and Investor Relations. All Company executives will participate in the Q&A session after management's formal remarks.

If you have not yet received a copy of today's results release, please email Global IR Partners at imos@globalirpartners.com or you can get a copy of the release off of ChipMOS' website www.chipmos.com.

Before we begin the formal comments, we must make a disclaimer regarding forward-looking statements. During this call, management may make forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including but not limited to the potential impact of COVID-19, which may cause the actual performance, financial conditions or results of operations of the Company to be materially different from any future performance, financial conditions or results of operations implied by such forward-looking statements.

Further information regarding these risks, uncertainties and other factors is included in the Company's most recent annual report on Form 20-F, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and in the company's other filings with the SEC.

At this time, I'd like to now turn the call over to the Company's Chairman and President, Mr. S.J. Cheng. Please go ahead, sir.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah. Thank you, David. We appreciate everyone joining our call today. We are pleased with our result for the second quarter 2020 and continued progress. I'm proud of our team for staying focused in serving our customers, during the uncertainty coronavirus environment.

Q2 revenue grew 10.7% compared to Q2 2019. This represents a six-year record high for Q2 revenue. For the first half of 2020, we grew revenue by 17.6% compared to the first half of 2019. We also keep gross margin above 20% in Q2, as we benefit from mix and utilization levels. If you look on a year basis over year basis, gross margin increased 360 basis points to 20.7% compared to Q2 2019.

On the cost side, we continued to control our expense, as we work to gain us much leverage as possible in growing earnings and our operating cash flows. Even with adding costs of higher factory environment safety and employee health [Phonetic] related to coronavirus, we keep OpEx at 7.3% of the revenue.

Let me give some color on the mix. Our Q2 testing utilization level significantly increased to 81%, as we benefit from higher TV SoC and memory testing demand. On the other side, our assembly utilization level declined to 76% from 81% due to the Chinese NAND wafer supply, which impact our loading neighbor [Phonetic]. The Chinese NAND wafer supply was across the industry.

Smartphone demand remains soft, which impact our LCD and bumping utilization levels. However, this was more than offset by strong demand from increased work-from-home, which led to an increase in our 8-inch COF utilization for TV and IC panel, notebook and tablet. Our overall utilization level was 76% in Q2 2020, up from 75% in a year ago Q2 2019, but slightly lower than 79% in Q1 2020.

Regarding our manufacturing side, assembly represented 27% [Phonetic] of Q2 2020's revenue. Package testing and wafer sort represented 13.5% and 9.7% of the revenue respectively [phonetic]. Wafer bumping represented 19.1% of Q2 revenue.

On a product segment basis, mix signal segment revenue grew to around 11% of Q2 2020 revenue. While our COG, COF segment was 30.4% of revenue and gold bumping represent 16.4% of Q2 revenue. Revenue from DRAM and SRAM represented 22% of Q2 revenue and our flash segment represented 20.2% of Q2 revenue. In terms of adding color on Q2, our memory product revenue declined just under 3% and represented 42.2% of our total Q2 revenue. Our results benefit from stable commodity DRAM demand. Total DRAM revenue increased around 6% compared to 1Q 2020. Revenue from NOR flash and Mask ROM grew around 8% compared to 1Q 2020.

NAND flash business represented about 34% of total Q2 flash revenue. Customers' memory loading volume were lower due to the NAND flash wafer supply declines. As for the driver IC-related product, revenues declined around 4% compared to 1Q 2020 and represented around 46.8% of total Q2 revenue. The COF portion of our revenue grew 7.4% in Q2 compared to the Q1 2020 and represented 54% of DDIC revenue. The strong growth was led by higher demand for 8-inch COF for TV panel and stable IC panel demand. Revenue had been up strong, but was impacted by continued global solidness in the smartphone demand. As a result, total DDIC revenue in Q2 declined 2.6% compared to 1Q 2020. Finally, TDDI and OLED driver business accounted represented 24.6% and 6.5% of Q2 DDIC revenue respectively.

Regarding our end-markets, revenue from smartphone declined to 34.5% of total Q2 revenue levering our TV category and computing growth to 20% and 13% respectively. Automobile and industry represented about 10.5% and the consumer category held flat at 22% of Q2 revenue. The weakness in auto and industry and consumer is in line with the trend across the broader industry.

As we look forward into the third quarter of 2020, we had a challenging, but very successful first half of 2020. As we continue to deliver a strong result, as we enter the second half, we remain focused on our growth segment and execution, but we do remain cautious given an uncertain coronavirus environment. We are encouraged by healthy demand from customers and end-markets. From a demand standpoint, we are positive about our market position. Based on what we know today, we expect that revenue from two major product segments Memory and DDIC related will continue to grow in Q3.

In general, we expect the growth of DDIC-related product will be better than our Memory segment in Q3 2020. We also remain focused on improving margin further through higher revenue, favorable mix, and ongoing cost control. We expect the commodity DRAM will be stable with steady demand for cloud storage and PC. We expect our NOR flash business will increase led by continuing 5G network build-out globally and increase in the gaming demand. Niche DRAM on the other side continues to be impacted by soft demand from the smartphone. NAND flash continued to be impacted by the weakest demand of consumer-grade storage and lowest NAND wafer volume.

In DDIC, we expect demand from middle-size panel for tablet and notebook to remain stable. Large-size panel for TV are likely to maintain the momentum of Q2 2020. For small-size panel, demand will likely be impacted in Q3 by ongoing smartphone weakness. However, we expect TDDI growth will help offset this weakness. Our TDDI benefit from higher penetration of HD-grade panel in new bezel-sparing [Phonetic] smartphone. We are seeing wafer testing capacity gradually tighten signal for the higher end platform in Q3. Overall, we expect the mix will help drive further improvement in utilization rate. Finally, our OLED driver shipments in the first half of 2020 was greater than the entire year of 2019. We expect it to benefit from the continuous growth trend as we move into the second half 2020.

Now let me turn the call over to Ms. Silvia Su, to review the second quarter 2020 financial results. Silvia, please go ahead.

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Thank you S.J. All dollar amounts cited in our presentation are in NT dollars. We have provided both U.S. dollars and NT dollars in our press release. The following numbers are based on the exchange rate of NT$29.44 [Phonetic] against $1 as of June 30, 2020. All the figures were prepared in accordance with Taiwan International Financial reporting Standards. To help make the presentation easier to follow, my comments will go along with the investor presentation on our Investor Relations website published today.

Page 12, consolidated operating results summary. For the second quarter of 2020 total revenue was $184.4 million. Net profit attributable to the Company was $18.5 million in Q2. Net earnings for the second quarter of 2020 were $0.025 per basic common share or $0.51 per basic ADS. Depreciation and amortization expenses were $35.6 million. We invested $27.6 million in capex in Q2, as we continued to conservatively add capacity and support our customer demand levels. EBITDA for Q2 was $62.4 million. EBITDA was calculated by adding depreciation and amortization together with operating profit. Return on equity of Q2 was 10.9%.

Page 13, consolidated statement of comprehensive income. Compared to last quarter, total Q2 revenue was $184.4 million, decreased 2.8% compared to Q1. Gross profit was $38.2 million in Q2, with Q2 gross margin at 20.7% decreased 2 percent points compared to 22.7% in Q1. Our operating expenses in Q2 were $13.5 million, or 7.3% of our Q2 revenue, which is about 0.6% higher than Q1. Operating profit for Q2 was $26.8 million and operating profit margin for Q2 was 14.5%, decreased 1.6 percent points compared to 16.1% in Q1.

Net non-operating expenses in Q2 were $4.5 million, compared to net non-operating expenses in Q1 of $0.1 million. The difference between Q2 and Q1 is mainly due to the increase of net foreign exchange loss of $5.7 million. This was partially offset by $1 million increase in the share of gain of associates accounting for using equity method and an increase of $0.5 million in the gain on valuation of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss. Net profit in Q2 was $18.5 million, compared to $24.2 million in Q1. The difference between Q2 and Q1 is mainly due to the decrease of operating profit $3.8 million. The increased net non-operating expense is $4.4 million and partially offset by the decreased income tax expense $2.4 million.

Net earnings for the second quarter of 2020 were $0.025 per basic common share compared to $0.033 per basic common share in Q1. Basic weighted average outstanding shares were 727.2 million shares. Compared to the same period of last year, total revenue for Q2 was $184.4 million, which was up 10.7% compared to same period of 2019. Gross margin was 20.7%, up 3.6 percent points compared to 17.1% in Q2 2019. Operating expenses in Q2 were $13.5 million, which decreased 4.4%, compared to Q2 2019. Operating profit margin in Q2 was 14.5%, an improvement of 5.3 percent points compared to 9.2% in Q2 2019.

Net non-operating expenses in Q2 were $4.5 million, compared to net non-operating income in Q2 2019 of $31.1 million. The difference is mainly due to the decrease in the gain on disposal of investment accounted for using equity method of $33.4 million and $4.9 million net foreign exchange loss increase. This was partially offset by a $2.5 million increase in the share of gain of associates accounted for using equity method.

Net profit in Q2 was $18.5 million, compared to $43.3 million in Q2 2019. The difference is mainly due to the decrease of gain on disposal of investments under the equity method $33.4 million, which was partially offset by the increase of gross profit $9.7 million. Net earnings for the second quarter of 2020 were $0.025 per basic common share compared to $0.06 per basic common shares for Q2 of 2019.

Page 14. Consolidated statements of financial position in key indices. Total assets at the end of Q2 were $1.2 billion including current assets of $447.1 million. Total liabilities at the end of Q2 were $546.3 million, including current liability of $205.1 million. Total equity at the end of Q2 was $664.5 million. Accounts receivable turnover days in Q2 were 78 days compared to 75 days in Q1. Inventory turnover days was 50 days in Q2, compared to 44 days in Q1.

Page 15. Consolidated statements of cash flows. Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of Q2 were $159.8 million. Net cash generated from operating activities was $94.4 million. Net cash used in investing activities was $69.2 million. Net cash generated from financing activities was $4.4 million. As of June 30, 2020, our balance of cash and cash equivalents was $189.3 million. Free cash flow in the second quarter was $48.6 million. Free cash flow was calculated by adding depreciation, amortization, interest income together with operating profit and then subtracting capex, interest expense, income tax expense and dividend from the sum.

Page 16. Capital expenditure and depreciation. We invested $27.5 million in capex in Q2. This is down from $38.7 million in Q1. The breakdown of capex was 8.7% for bumping 45% -- 45.8% for LCD driver and 15% for assembly and 30.5% for testing. As always, we are working to keep a proper balance in supporting our customers with the necessary capacity they need for their programs. Depreciation expenses were $35.6 million in Q2. As of July 31st, 2020, the Company's outstanding ADS number was approximately 5 million units, which represents around 12.6% of the Company's outstanding common shares.

Operator, that concludes our formal remarks, we can now take questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. At this time, we will be conducting a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Scott Bishins with Caffeine Holdings LLC. Please proceed with your question.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Yeah. Hi, S.J. and Silvia. It looks like you had a very good quarter. I have a couple of questions I'd like to ask. First of all the -- I see that this is sort of like a new format for the release for the earnings pretty much using a presentation instead of writing it down and also putting it into the press release. Are you going to continue to do it like this, or you're going to do -- go back to the other way?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Yes. We will continue to use this format.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Actually after looking at it for a while, it looks pretty good to see it this way. Easy to move along as you're speaking to see what's going on. So I seem to like that. Let me ask you a question. I know gold has gone up quite a bit in the last three months or actually probably for the whole year. Has the gold -- the cost of gold has that been hurting any of our gross margin?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Scott, this is Shih. To answer your question, we had a gold formula with our customer in LCD driver areas. Means we use past three months average gold price charge for this month. But for assembly wise, we don't have this formula. So we need to observe the cost by our sales or renegotiate the material cost with our customers. So gold price increase is a pretty high pressure for us to maintain the margin.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Would you have any idea what the cost is as far as a gross margin percentage in the second quarter on the assembly side?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

You mean the increase of gold price?

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Yes. Well how much did that affect the gross margin in assembly in the second quarter?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Okay. Maybe let me put it in this way. If the gold price increased around 10% then I think it will impact our gross margin for the total Company will be around 0.8% to 1% of gross margin.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. So about 1% based upon the current price of gold for that you're saying?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Yes.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yes.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

But you're saying also though in the bumping that you're able to get reimbursed for the difference in the price of gold?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

The answer is yes, but the gold price increased a lot. So we use -- Q2 average still cannot catch up the gold price increase. So still the offset some margin with us. But once the gold price drops then we will return it back.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Do you believe in the third quarter that we'll be able to increase gross margins and revenue?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

For revenue-wise actually we already announced our July revenue. Our July revenue compared with the June is a 5.7% increase. So in August, we also see a good sign. Since right now the LCD driver TDDI are fully occupied in testing area. So revenue-wise for Q3 we are very optimistic. We'll be better than Q2. But Q3 margin with the mandatory effect gold price, foreign exchange and summertime electric costs will be increased.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

The foreign exchange is pretty much -- at the end of June, it's pretty much the same today as it was then. Maybe down -- maybe a little stronger but not much on the NT dollar, so hopefully, if we stay around this price probably should not have much of a FX impact, would you agree with that?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

We hope so.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah, we hope so. Yeah. So our revenue will grow and the margin will be dependent on these three key factors.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Let's see. Any impact at all on revenue from the COVID virus?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Up to now some -- seems like we get some benefit from that, yeah. Because our product segment, commodity DRAM, continue to be stable and strong due to the working from home. And PC and the notebook middle size increased. So driver wise also increased.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

So you see that going on for the rest of the second half of the year possibly?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Actually, yes.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Is China fully back online, or are they -- are companies still looking to move materials out of China and looking for other places like Taiwan or other countries to pick up the slack from China?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yes. I think the China situation is more complicated compared with Taiwan. First one is the relationship between China and U.S. getting much worse. So a lot of issue; it's not a business issue, it's a politician issue. And second one is corona virus. They are not pretty stable yet and also the heavy raining also in Taiwan. And so far -- at least we are lucky. Our Shanghai operation finally get profitable for the first half.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Let's see. I just have really one other question, but actually it's more of a suggestion. Sometimes like last year in the second quarter, we had a very large gain on the -- the capital gain on the sale of the shares, and I think it was JMC. When I take a look at today's presentation and then it refers back to last year's second quarter. I'd like to suggest maybe you could put some footnotes in where you have one-time large gains because if someone's taking a look at this presentation now and doesn't remember what the large gain was last year they would take a look and they would think that the profitability is way down where that's not really the case because it was a one-time capital gain.

The other -- besides the one-time capital gains, the other big issue, because we're having so much fluctuation in the NT dollar versus the U.S. dollar, it would be nice if you could put a footnote there also in the earnings of how much -- where you put the non-operating expenses, gains or losses, if you could put a footnote on what the FX was in each quarter, either plus or minus, just so that we could refer to that and know that the reason why the total profitability is either down or up.

I mean just to give you a for instance, if I -- by me going through this report just now, if we had no FX change and it was steady from quarter-to-quarter, we would've had about another $0.11 more of earnings in our ADRs and probably about another NT$0.15 [Phonetic] on our common but -- on the common shares. But if you don't know that, basically, you're looking at this report and it doesn't really explain it properly, so that if someone doesn't remember what it was, the period or the year before, it's hard to understand if it was -- what happened.

So just a suggestion that when we have large funds, gains, losses, either through FX or capital gains, if you could put footnotes and then carry those footnotes to the following year as you do comparisons from quarter-to-quarter or from year-to-year, that's just my suggestion.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah. Thank you for your suggestions, Scott. I think we will enhance this footnote statement and then people will have apple-to-apple comparison.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Yeah, I would appreciate that. I think that would help a lot of investors understand what's going -- what's really happened during the quarter. So we -- it also shows the potential of what this quarter could have been; where it could have been $0.90 common, basically, if we would have had a flat FX. So it just makes it a little easier to understand and just shows the steadiness of the earnings versus being lumpy and as far as the earnings because of the one-time charges.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah. I appreciate your suggestions. Thank you. We will take a note of it.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Otherwise, a great quarter. Really looking forward to the second half. It seems, seeing some of your notes, you feel we might get a little bit of a rebound in the smartphone especially in the TDDI?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah.

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

So, hopefully, that will also help bring up the margins too. Because, I guess, the LCD -- we get a higher margin on the LCD versus the memory, if I'm correct?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Yes.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Actually, the answer is, yes. But memory wise, testing also a very high margin, but assembly wise it's very limited. But LCD driver, yes, it's higher margin [Phonetic].

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Well, like I said, congratulations, and looking forward to the second half of the year. Thank you very much.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Okay. Thank you.

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Thank you. Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your next question comes from the line of Vipul Sagar with Blash Capital LLC. Please proceed with your question.

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Good morning or good evening, S.J. and Silvia. Just two questions. The first one, as usual, is a free cash flow question. I see your cash flow increased in the -- free cash flow increased in the second quarter from first quarter. It was $18 million, second quarter was $30 million. Cash flow for third quarter or the second half, are we still looking at positive free cash flow for the second half?

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Yes. For the second half, I think, the free cash flow will be positive. Yes...

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Yes, for the second half.

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Thank you. The next question I have is more about the China business. The Unimos business, if you have any update for the first half, how they're doing, or any revenue number or are they break-even here or profitability?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

To answer your question for the first half, they've reached the break-even point with a very limited profit.

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Okay. And in the past you had put out this thought that China -- that Unimos business is going to grow and is going to be contributing to ChipMOS' business in the future. But since you -- since the company decided to sell the majority interest and now we are just minority holders like less than 45% -- around 45%. Is the thought over there to eventually take this public? It's not up to -- I know not up to management over here, but it's their decision. But there are only two options for shareholders of ChipMOS to benefit. Is the -- is one is either their business just takes off or they take a public -- the company public and we can capitalize on it?

Or the third option would be something like just selling the remaining stake, because it's not adding any value right now or it hasn't been for a while now. So, any thoughts on how to monetize this thing for ChipMOS shareholders? I mean, I know you sold JMC from almost 20% to 10% and you have cut your investment in Unimos from a majority holder to a minority holder. So if this is not being taken public in China, is there any thought about like just selling the remaining stake? Because...

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah. To answer your questions since right now, China-wise, they are going to build their infrastructure by their sales. So from long-term viewpoint, we will find a best benefit for Company and shareholders. And like JMC, we are on the negotiation prospect to try to dispose the rest of the shares to them.

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Fantastic. That's good news. Okay. I mean, is there like a time line by year-end or within a year?

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Actually negotiate with China people. If you rush you cannot get a good price right?

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

I understand. Okay. Thank you so much for the update.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Okay.

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you so much. That's all the questions.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Thank you.

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Thank you.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, we have reached the end of the question-and-answer session, and I would like to turn the call back to Chairman and President Mr. S.J. Cheng for closing remarks.

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Yeah. Thank you everybody for joining our Q2 conference call. If you have any questions, please contact us either through email or through our website. Thank you very much. Bye-bye.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 39 minutes

Call participants:

David Pasquale -- Investor Relations Executive

Shih-Jye Cheng -- Chairman, Director and President

Silvia Su -- Director of Finance and Accounting Management

Scott Bishins -- Caffeine Holdings LLC -- Analyst

Vipul Sagar -- Blash Capital LLC -- Analyst

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