Ford Motor Company (NYSE:F) said on Wednesday that its sales in China jumped 22% in August on strong sales of SUVs and small sedans. It was the second month in a row of strong year-over-year gains for Ford in China after a so-so second-quarter result that had left some investors concerned.
Ford's results: New and revamped models drove sales gains
Ford doesn't report its China sales model by model, although it sometimes breaks out results for a few specific models that have done well. Instead, it reports results for the two joint ventures it has with Chinese automakers that manufacture Ford-brand vehicles in China, as well as an overall total number of sales that include those made directly by Ford. Those direct sales include a small number of Ford- and Lincoln-brand vehicles imported into China from Ford's factories in other countries, including the United States.
Ford's joint venture with Chinese automaker Changan Automobile, called Changan Ford or CAF, builds and sells Ford-brand passenger vehicles. Its lineup is based on Ford's global product portfolio. Most of its models would be familiar to Americans, though there are a few variations built specifically for the Chinese market.
Changan Ford's sales rose 26% from a year ago, to 75,228 vehicles. Ford said that the recently revamped Focus compact (up 92%), the affordable China-only Escort compact (up 49%), and the new Edge crossover SUV (up "more than threefold") led the way for CAF in August. Year to date, CAF's sales are up 13% from the same period last year.
Ford's other venture, with Chinese truck maker Jiangling Motors, is called Jiangling Motor Corporation (JMC). builds and sells several Ford trucks and commercial vehicles, including the Blue Oval's popular Transit van lineup. Some of its vehicles are exported from China to other countries in Asia.
At least in China, most of JMC's sales are to commercial customers. Those sales have suffered over the last year as China's building boom has stalled. But China's commercial-vehicle market may be looking up: Like rival General Motors' (NYSE:GM) commercial-vehicle joint-venture Wuling, JMC had a good August. JMC's sales were up 16%, to 19,951 vehicles sold. Year to date, JMC's sales are down 3% from a year ago.
Ford's other sales in China include the vehicles it imports. Those include all Lincolns sold in China, the Ford Mustang, and the ST high-performance versions of the Focus and Fiesta. Those sales totaled 1,271 last month.
What it means: Ford's aggressive actions appear to be paying off
Ford's market share had been slipping in the early part of 2016 as the company was caught a bit off-guard by aggressive local competition. Several of the domestic Chinese automakers have recently made big strides in quality, and they've become much more competitive in the affordable market segments, particularly around crossover SUVs.
Ford had been doing very well with crossovers like its compact Kuga, the Chinese-market version of the Escape, and its smaller Fiesta-based Ecosport. But local competition took a big bite out of Ford's market share: Sales of the Kuga were down 18% in the first half of 2016.
That had a big impact on Ford's regional bottom line. Ford's share of the equity income from CAF and JMC fell 28% in the second quarter, to $296 million. But CEO Mark Fields said during Ford's second-quarter earnings call that Ford's team in China had already begun taking aggressive action to turn things around, reducing costs, and adjusting pricing and product mix to take best advantage of market trends.
Fields also noted that Ford is set to introduce several new or revamped models to China in the second half of the year. As we saw with the refreshed Focus in August, even a lightly revamped model can produce a jump in sales. Ford has a revamped Kuga on the way (similar to the refreshed-for-2017 Escape), which ought to give sales another boost. Fields also said that Ford had revamped the Chinese versions of its small cars to reduce costs and allow them to be sold profitably at more competitive prices.
The upshot: Ford might be on track for a much-improved third quarter
Ford doesn't release details of its pricing or discounts in its monthly sales reports from China. We'll have to wait until its third-quarter earnings report next month to find out if these sales gains are the result of aggressive discounting moves (above and beyond its cost reductions on models like the Escort).
But I suspect they aren't. It sounds like the quick action that Ford took earlier in this year to revamp its model mix and lower costs is driving its sales gains right now. If so, its third-quarter profit from China could be much more impressive than what we saw last quarter. That would be comforting news for Ford shareholders.