What happened

Shares of GrubHub (GRUB) dipped 33.1% in October, according to data provided by S&P Global Market Intelligence. The online food-ordering company's stock saw big declines amid a pullback for the broader market last month and earnings guidance for the current quarter that investors found disappointing.

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GrubHub reported third-quarter results before the market opened on Oct. 25, delivering results for the period that actually came in ahead of average targets. Sales for the period rose 52% year over year to reach $247 million and top the average analyst estimate's call for revenue of $238.5 million. Earnings per share of $0.45 also topped the average analyst estimate target of per-share earnings of $0.41.

However, the company's EBITDA guidance for the current quarter fell far short of expectations and triggered sell-offs late in the month.

A table with five place settings and six hands reaching out to grab pizza, salad, bread, and other food at the center of the table.

Image source: Getty Images.

So what

Analysts had expected GrubHub's fourth-quarter EBITDA to climb 30% year over year, but the company is actually guiding for EBITDA to decline between 12% and 30% compared to the prior-year period. The expected decline comes even as management anticipates sales for the period to be up between 38% and 43% year over year and is evidence of increased spending in order to stave off competition from Uber Eats, Door Dash, and other rivals.

Now what

GrubHub stock has regained a bit of ground in November, trading up roughly 1.4% in the month so far but its recovery has lagged the broader-market's rebound.

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^SPX data by YCharts.

Shares still are up roughly 30% year to date, even after last month's sell-off, and trade at roughly 53 times this year's expected earnings and 8.5 times expected sales. That's a growth-dependent valuation and suggests that the stock could see more steep declines if market volatility continues or spending increases outpace sales gains for a prolonged stretch. GrubHub, however, also could benefit from its recent string of acquisitions and a growing market for online food ordering and delivery.