Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Naspers Makes Another Move to Narrow Its Massive Valuation Gap to Tencent

By Billy Duberstein - Feb 1, 2020 at 9:35AM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

And shareholders should be encouraged.

Naspers (NPSNY 5.73%) is mostly known for its giant stake in Chinese internet conglomerate Tencent (TCEHY -0.24%), a massive investment win that Naspers made all the way back in 2001. The Tencent investment was certainly a blessing for Naspers over the long-term, transforming the South African media company into a global technology investment powerhouse.

However, that blessing became a curse when Tencent's skyrocketing size soon made Naspers too large a company for the relatively small Johannesburg Stock Exchange, making up around 25% of the entire market as of early 2019. Since many asset managers and indexes couldn't allocate full positions to Naspers because of its size, its share price has been "trapped" at a discount to its Tencent stake for some time.

Naspers took a big first step last year when it spun off its non-South African technology assets into a separate company called Prosus (PROSY 2.75%), which was executed in September, and in which Naspers retained a 73.8% stake. Though that led to some narrowing of the discount between Prosus and the value of its Tencent stake, the narrowing was fairly minor, and left much to be desired. Even worse, Naspers continued to trade at a stubborn discount even to the value of its Prosus stake afterwards.

Fortunately, this move does not appear to be a "one and done," as Naspers just recently took another small, yet meaningful action toward closing that wide valuation gap.

A man in a buisness suit lies across  a gap between two cliffs across a man-sized chasm.

Image source: Getty Images.

Selling Prosus to buy Naspers

On Jan. 21, Naspers proposed selling more Prosus shares to institutional investors in Europe, and closed the sale the very next day. Naspers wound up selling 22 million Prosus shares, which amounted to 1.4% of Prosus' free-float, bringing Naspers' share of the company down from roughly 73.8% to 72.5%. The final sale was made at 67.50 euros, a discount to where shares were trading at that time, but a bit higher than Prosus' current share price after a week of coronavirus fears.

The sale brought in around 1.5 billion euros, or about $1.66 billion in U.S. dollars to Naspers. In a bit of good news for Naspers shareholders, Naspers announced it plans to use the proceeds for a share repurchase program.

Though the proceeds only amount to around 2% of Naspers' market capitalization, since Naspers currently trades at a discount to its Prosus stake, any buyback would be value-add. Naspers' current market cap is only $71.9 billion, about a 17% discount to the value of its stake in Prosus. So if Naspers quickly repurchases stock, it will see an immediate 17% rate of return.

Of course, Prosus also trades a steep discount to the value of its own assets, so Naspers is essentially selling a cheap stock in order to buy even cheaper stock. That may be why the company is only "dipping its toe" in the sale-and-buyback process at this point. Prosus trades at just a $116 billion market cap, but the value of its 31% stake in Tencent alone is worth $139.4 billion. And that's not to mention the other $20 billion or so of other assets Prosus owns.

The sale could also have ancillary benefits

It's possible that Naspers' sale of Prosus could be an attempt to increase Prosus' share price. You wouldn't think that selling shares may cause the price to go up, but there's a reason why it might. Prosus is under-weighted on European and international market index funds, because it's weighted based on its free-trading shares (not owned by Naspers), not the entire value of the company. By making more shares available, it may actually boost Prosus' weighting in these indexes.

There may also be a shortage of shares for other institutional investors. In the press release, Naspers claimed, "Naspers has seen significant interest in Prosus from new investors, in particular European institutions and global technology investors. The Placing will offer an opportunity to the broad investment community to get exposure to the largest listed European consumer internet stock by asset value and thereby continue to broaden Prosus´s shareholder base." 

Thus, more availability for indexes and institutions could actually spur interest, hopefully closing more of the gap between Prosus and its net asset value. Obviously, it would be more beneficial for Naspers to sell Prosus shares at higher prices in the future.

Words of caution, but a huge discount remains

Of course, it's always a bit suspect when somebody is looking to sell an asset, and it's quite possible that Naspers' sale means management is uncertain about the impact of the coronavirus on China's economy. That could negatively impact Prosus' investment in Tencent and also Trip.com (TCOM 1.24%). It's probably not a coincidence that the January 22 sale came just as the coronavirus news was beginning to make headlines.

Naspers does have a pretty good track record of selling at high points. In early 2018, Naspers sold 6% of its stake in Tencent, just before the a video game ban in China and the global trade war tanked Tencent's stock. Tencent's stock still hasn't recovered to those levels as of yet. Therefore, Naspers management may feel that Prosus -- and maybe also Naspers stock itself, could be in for a rough ride, despite their already discounted shares.

Of course, since Naspers also intends to buy back its own stock, it also probably thinks that Naspers stock is a huge long-term value. I tend to agree, which is why Naspers remains my favorite international stock over the next decade, despite the near-term coronavirus fears.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Stocks Mentioned

Naspers Stock Quote
Naspers
NPSNY
$30.83 (5.73%) $1.67
Prosus N.V. Stock Quote
Prosus N.V.
PROSY
$13.45 (2.75%) $0.36
Tencent Holdings Limited Stock Quote
Tencent Holdings Limited
TCEHY
$45.28 (-0.24%) $0.11
Trip.com Group Limited Stock Quote
Trip.com Group Limited
TCOM
$27.79 (1.24%) $0.34

*Average returns of all recommendations since inception. Cost basis and return based on previous market day close.

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
316%
 
S&P 500 Returns
112%

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 07/02/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.