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Here Are All the Companies Working on COVID-19 Vaccines, Treatments, and Testing

By Keith Speights - Updated May 11, 2020 at 8:53PM

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An investor's guide to healthcare companies' coronavirus efforts.

Help is on the way.

In the midst of a societal upheaval resulting from the novel coronavirus and the disease that it causes, COVID-19, there are many efforts in progress to find solutions to slow the spread of the disease and treat those who already have it. These efforts include those from governments, nonprofit organizations, and companies both privately held and publicly traded.  

To help investors who desire to keep tabs on the publicly traded companies with COVID-19 programs, here are lists of all the companies with market caps of at least $200 million that are developing or have developed COVID-19 vaccines, treatments, and tests.

COVID-19 printed next to plastic balls resembling the coronavirus

Image source: Getty Images.

Vaccines

Several companies already had vaccine platforms targeting other coronaviruses such as MERS and SARS. This enabled them to rapidly prototype experimental vaccines for immunizing against the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Following are all of the companies that are actively developing COVID-19 vaccines either on their own or in partnership with another drugmaker.

Company 

Market Cap 

Arcturus Therapeutics (ARCT 12.62%) $249.1 million
BioNTech (BNTX 1.11%) $12.2 billion
CSL Behring (CSLL.Y 0.20%) $89.8 billion
Dynavax (DVAX -2.10%) $293.9 million
GlaxoSmithKline (GSK 0.84%) $93.7 billion
Inovio Pharmaceuticals (INO 6.91%) $1.2 billion
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ -1.10%) $357.9 billion
Moderna (MRNA -0.37%) $11.4 billion
Novavax (NVAX 2.80%) $821.8 million
Pfizer (PFE 3.77%) $190.2 billion
Sanofi (SNY 2.19%) $112.9 billion
TranslateBio (TBIO) $614.1 million

 Data sources: Biotechnology Innovation Organization, company press releases, Yahoo! Finance.  

Two of these companies appear to be in the lead right now. In March, Moderna initiated the first clinical testing in humans of an experimental COVID-19 vaccine. The biotech's messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccine was developed in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Inovio announced on April 6 that it had begun a phase 1 clinical study of experimental COVID-19 DNA vaccine INO-4800.

Treatments

Several companies already have approved products on the market that could hold potential in treating patients with COVID-19. Others have experimental drugs that have been included in testing for other viruses that could be effective in targeting novel coronavirus infection. Some are scrambling to develop new therapies for COVID-19. Following are the companies that are developing or testing potential COVID-19 therapies.

Company 

Market Cap 

AbbVie (ABBV 0.37%) $113.7 billion
Adaptive Biotechnologies (ADPT 1.65%)  $3.4 billion
Alexion Pharmaceuticals (ALXN) $21.7 billion
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals (ALNY 1.94%) $12.6 billion
Amgen (AMGN 0.02%) $122.9 billion
Bayer (BAYR.Y 4.35%) $60.2 billion
Biogen (BIIB 1.27%) $54.1 billion
CSL Behring  $89.8 billion
CytoDyn (NASDAQOTH:CYDY) $1.3 billion
Emergent BioSolutions (EBS 2.04%)  $3.1 billion
Gilead Sciences (GILD 0.82%) $96.6 billion
Grifols (GRFS 0.22%) $19.5 billion
Incyte (INCY 0.31%) $18 billion
Eli Lilly (LLY 2.63%) $135.8 billion
Mesoblast (MESO -5.62%) $6.1 billion
Novartis (NVS 0.12%) $193.1 billion
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals (REGN 0.77%) $55.5 billion
Roche Holding (RHHBY 2.34%) $286.7 billion
Sanofi $112.9 billion
Takeda Pharmaceutical (TAK 0.92%) $47.6 billion
Vanda Pharmaceuticals (VNDA 1.07%) $568.7 million
Vir Biotechnology (VIR 2.69%) $3.9 billion

Data sources: Biotechnology Innovation Organization, company press releases, Yahoo! Finance. 

Three drugs with the potential to treat COVID-19 have received the most public attention. Gilead's remdesivir, which was originally developed to treat the Ebola virus, is in late-stage clinical studies and could be the most promising treatment, according to World Health Organization Assistant Director-General Bruce Aylward. President Trump has spoken frequently about his view that anti-malaria drugs chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, which are marketed by companies including Sanofi, could be effective in treating COVID-19, although health officials have stressed that the efficacy of the drugs in treating COVID-19 remains unproven at this point.

Testing

The most pressing immediate need in the battle against COVID-19 is for diagnostic tests to determine if individuals are infected by the novel coronavirus. Companies both large and small quickly developed such tests, with several receiving emergency use authorization (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be marketed commercially. Other companies have helped by providing COVID-19 testing services. Here are the companies engaged in activities related to testing for COVID-19.

Company 

Market Cap 

Abbott Labs (ABT 0.90%) $142 billion
Bayer  $60.2 billion
Becton Dickinson (BDX 1.65%) $63.2 billion
bioMerieux (BMXMF 1.79%) $13.2 billion
Co-Diagnostics (CODX -30.65%) $273 million
Danaher (DHR 2.26%) $98.5 billion
Eli Lilly $135.8 billion
Grifols $19.5 billion
LabCorp (LH 0.26%) $11.9 billion
OPKO Health (OPK 0.80%) $817.2 million
Quest Diagnostics (DGX -0.01%) $10.4 billion
Roche Holdings $286.7 billion
Thermo Fisher Scientific (TMO 1.80%) $117.7 billion

Data sources: Biotechnology Innovation Organization, EvaluateMedTech, company press releases, Yahoo! Finance. 

Roche and Thermo Fisher Scientific have committed to producing millions of COVID-19 tests. Abbott Labs recently launched the fastest COVID-19 test so far. Its test, which runs on the company's widely used ID NOW molecular diagnostics platform, can deliver positive results within five minutes and negative results within 13 minutes. 

Investing considerations

Investors looking to buy shares of companies with COVID-19 programs should first determine how much risk they're willing to take. Several of the companies are relatively small. The odds of failure, especially with experimental COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, are relatively high. 

It's also important to evaluate each stock's prospects beyond the companies' COVID-19 efforts. If you would be interested in buying a given stock even if it wasn't developing a COVID-19 vaccine, treatment, or test, that should put the stock much higher on your list.

Keith Speights owns shares of AbbVie, Gilead Sciences, and Pfizer. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Biogen, Emergent BioSolutions, and Gilead Sciences. The Motley Fool recommends Amgen, Becton, Dickinson, Incyte, and Johnson & Johnson. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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Stocks Mentioned

Abbott Laboratories Stock Quote
Abbott Laboratories
ABT
$111.48 (0.90%) $0.99
Gilead Sciences, Inc. Stock Quote
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
GILD
$62.96 (0.82%) $0.51
Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stock Quote
Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
INO
$2.63 (6.91%) $0.17
Moderna, Inc. Stock Quote
Moderna, Inc.
MRNA
$171.18 (-0.37%) $0.63
Grifols, S.A. Stock Quote
Grifols, S.A.
GRFS
$9.00 (0.22%) $0.02
Pfizer Inc. Stock Quote
Pfizer Inc.
PFE
$50.11 (3.77%) $1.82
Johnson & Johnson Stock Quote
Johnson & Johnson
JNJ
$165.30 (-1.10%) $-1.84
Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stock Quote
Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ALXN
Sanofi Stock Quote
Sanofi
SNY
$44.37 (2.19%) $0.95
Amgen Inc. Stock Quote
Amgen Inc.
AMGN
$248.39 (0.02%) $0.04
Roche Holding AG Stock Quote
Roche Holding AG
RHHBY
$42.00 (2.34%) $0.96
Becton, Dickinson and Company Stock Quote
Becton, Dickinson and Company
BDX
$263.69 (1.65%) $4.29
GSK Stock Quote
GSK
GSK
$36.03 (0.84%) $0.30
Dynavax Technologies Corporation Stock Quote
Dynavax Technologies Corporation
DVAX
$16.34 (-2.10%) $0.35
Eli Lilly and Company Stock Quote
Eli Lilly and Company
LLY
$308.08 (2.63%) $7.89
Novartis AG Stock Quote
Novartis AG
NVS
$85.68 (0.12%) $0.10
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stock Quote
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
REGN
$628.71 (0.77%) $4.81
Biogen Inc. Stock Quote
Biogen Inc.
BIIB
$220.99 (1.27%) $2.77
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stock Quote
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ALNY
$233.85 (1.94%) $4.46
Novavax, Inc. Stock Quote
Novavax, Inc.
NVAX
$41.47 (2.80%) $1.13
Danaher Corporation Stock Quote
Danaher Corporation
DHR
$297.75 (2.26%) $6.57
Incyte Corporation Stock Quote
Incyte Corporation
INCY
$73.99 (0.31%) $0.23
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. Stock Quote
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.
TMO
$603.21 (1.80%) $10.67
Quest Diagnostics Incorporated Stock Quote
Quest Diagnostics Incorporated
DGX
$140.55 (-0.01%) $0.02
Emergent BioSolutions Inc. Stock Quote
Emergent BioSolutions Inc.
EBS
$30.50 (2.04%) $0.61
Bayer Stock Quote
Bayer
BAYR.Y
$13.91 (4.35%) $0.58
AbbVie Inc. Stock Quote
AbbVie Inc.
ABBV
$142.60 (0.37%) $0.52
OPKO Health, Inc. Stock Quote
OPKO Health, Inc.
OPK
$2.52 (0.80%) $0.02
Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. Stock Quote
Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc.
VNDA
$10.41 (1.07%) $0.11
CSL Limited Stock Quote
CSL Limited
CSLL.Y
$104.62 (0.20%) $0.21
Laboratory Corporation of America Holdings Stock Quote
Laboratory Corporation of America Holdings
LH
$259.42 (0.26%) $0.68
Translate Bio, Inc. Stock Quote
Translate Bio, Inc.
TBIO
Mesoblast Limited Stock Quote
Mesoblast Limited
MESO
$3.19 (-5.62%) $0.19
Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation Stock Quote
Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation
ADPT
$12.32 (1.65%) $0.20
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited Stock Quote
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
TAK
$14.25 (0.92%) $0.13
Vir Biotechnology, Inc. Stock Quote
Vir Biotechnology, Inc.
VIR
$28.60 (2.69%) $0.75
BioNTech SE Stock Quote
BioNTech SE
BNTX
$160.35 (1.11%) $1.76
Co-Diagnostics, Inc. Stock Quote
Co-Diagnostics, Inc.
CODX
$4.48 (-30.65%) $-1.98
bioMérieux S.A. Stock Quote
bioMérieux S.A.
BMXMF
$107.64 (1.79%) $1.89
CytoDyn Inc. Stock Quote
CytoDyn Inc.
CYDY
$0.83 (-5.13%) $0.04
Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. Stock Quote
Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc.
ARCT
$19.18 (12.62%) $2.15

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