LexinFintech Holdings (LX 2.42%), a leading fintech company in China, reported a mixed result for its first quarter ended March 31, 2019. Revenue jumped 41% (in constant currency)  while earnings plunged to a net loss, owing to the adoption of a new accounting policy and the impact of COVID-19. Here are three major takeaways that investors should note from its earnings report.

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Overall performance

One of the major concerns that investors have about Lexinfintech is how the COVID-19 outbreak will affect its business. Lexinfintech's latest result offers some clues.

Net profit plunged from RMB 424 million in the corresponding period last year to a net loss of RMB 678 million this quarter thanks to the provision of around RMB 900 million, as well as the voluntary reduction in customers' fees of RMB 340 million . Excluding these one-off events, net income would have improved for the quarter.

Despite reporting a net loss, Lexinfintech continued to grow its business -- loan originations improved by 70% year-on-year to RMB 34 billion -- even as it faced significant disruption caused by the lockdown in China. It also grew its active users by 99% year over year to 6.4 million in the quarter, with registered users roughly doubling to 84.2 million in the same period. 

Prospects for the rest of the year

After digesting the latest earnings numbers above, investors might wonder what's in store for Lexinfintech in the coming quarters, now that China has fully reopened its economy. Management, in the latest earnings call, offered some insights on its business performance over the last few months.

To begin with, business metrics have gradually recovered from their lows in the first quarter. For example, offline transactions have increased over the last two months, up 12.7% month-on-month in April and 17.8% month-on-month in May. Similarly, asset quality has improved, as the seven-day delinquency rate fell from 3.7% in the first quarter to 2.8% as of late.  

Furthermore, the company expected its institutional funding costs to trend lower over the near future -- down by 50 basis points or more, to about 7% -- as it added banks and financial institutions to its funding partners. Management also shared that the RMB 900 million in provisions mentioned above would be sufficient to cover all losses stemming from the COVID-19 outbreak, and it doesn't foresee any extra provisions needed.

In other words, CEO Jay Xiao says investors should expect the fintech company to swing back into profitability in the next quarter, assuming there's no material deterioration in China's economy going forward.

"Delisting" of China companies

Last month, the US Senate passed new legislation that could stop many Chinese companies from listing on US stock exchanges. The bill, which still needs to pass the House of Representatives before becoming law, requires foreign companies to prove that "they are not owned or controlled by a foreign government." It also demands that foreign companies submit to audits by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) for three consecutive years. Failure to do so may result in the delisting of a company's shares.

Though it covers all foreign companies, the bill aims at improving the transparency of Chinese companies, especially after the recent fraud committed by executives of Luckin Coffee Inc-ADR (LKNC.Y -0.32%). If enacted, it will put many Chinese companies in a difficult situation, since complying with these rules means that these companies may end up breaking regulations in China. In response, Chinese companies such as Alibaba Group Holding Ltd-ADR (BABA 2.59%), JD.Com Inc (JD 2.08%), and NetEase Inc (NTES -1.91%) have sought a secondary listing in Hong Kong, with more companies expected to follow suit.

Questioned on this topic in the recent analyst call, Jay Xiao assured investors that he would consider all options available and take necessary steps to protect investors' interests. This includes a listing in Hong Kong, if necessary. Referencing an unnamed article, he added that Lexinfintech is one of 22 Chinese companies, out of more than 150 Chinese companies listed on US exchanges, that currently meet the bill's requirements.

As a shareholder, I am concerned with this situation. Still, I find it comforting that the CEO, whose roughly 27% of Lexinfintech's shares make him the company's largest shareholder, openly addressed the issue and reassured investors. I'm also glad that it looks like Lexinfintech already complies with the bill's rules.

Long-term trend intact

The recent COVID-19 outbreak has disrupted the operation of most companies in China, including Lexinfintech. Nevertheless, the company has kept its full-year loan issuance target of RMB170 billion to RMB180 billion unchanged (up more than 35% from 2019)   despite the weaker economy.

In the longer term, the company is well-positioned to grow thanks to the growth in private consumption and the low penetration of consumer loans -- the per capita amount of outstanding consumer finance loans in China in 2016 was less than 10%  of that in the United States.

With all that in mind, investors may want to hold on to Lexinfintech's stock as it weathers this challenging period.