It's been another rough week for movie theater stocks. Despite rebounds on Thursday and/or Friday, names like AMC Entertainment Holdings (AMC 2.48%) and Cinemark Holdings (CNK 1.21%) are poised to end Friday's session nearly 20% below last Friday's closes. Cineworld Group (CNNW.F -13.37%) is leading the way with a weekly loss in excess of 20% as of midday Friday. Shares of Imax (IMAX -0.48%) are faring the best, by virtue of a more-modest loss of around 13%. The setbacks mark the fourth straight week of selling pressure on these once-skyrocketing stocks.
Don't look for a specific reason AMC and its peers took a tumble this week; you won't find one. Rather, you'll feel one. These plunges are the result of a reversal of the meme-stock mania that drove them all to shocking highs in June. Speculative investors -- finally offered a chance to look around and assess the ascension -- seem to be realizing all of these stocks will struggle to justify their still-lofty valuations.
The rise and fall of AMC shares (and other theater chain stocks that latched onto the volatility) was inevitable, as the rally's roots were untenable.
The quadruple-digit gain logged over the course of the first half of the year wasn't based on fundamentals, but was instead the result of an effort coordinated online to force hedge funds to rapidly repurchase shares of AMC that they had overwhelming sold short, thus driving the price upward.
This so-called short squeeze worked as intended, but arguably worked too well. Shares were sent to prices that not even the company's very best prospective fiscal results could ever justify. Now this reality is setting in. At the same time, many of last month's buyers are locking in profits, adding bearish pressure to the mix.
Not all traders agree that the induced bullishness that catapulted these stocks has fully run its course. As was noted, some of these names are up on Friday, with AMC shares trading considerably higher from Thursday's intraday low.
That's mostly wishful thinking, though. The gambit might have worked earlier in the year, but now that the strategy of forcing funds to cover their short positions has been revealed, it loses its effectiveness.
That's not to suggest these stocks won't move higher in the near future. It may well happen, as a handful of traders are still convinced these stocks (and AMC in particular) can log a repeat performance. The market might let them have a couple of victorious days. Don't look for prolonged or relatively significant rallies though. For perspective, the analyst community's consensus price target on AMC now stands at $5.25 per share, versus its current price of more than $37.