A shareholder trend is building well ahead of the 2012 proxy season. Activist investors are already filing proxy access resolutions at some major public companies such as Hewlett-Packard (NYSE: HPQ). Needless to say, this controversial action isn't exactly welcomed by many in the business community.

"Proxy access" refers to allowing shareholders, under certain conditions, to nominate their own directors to companies' boards without having to launch a costly proxy fight to replace incumbents. This is a right many corporate managements and boards don't want shareholders to have.

Holding HP accountable
From the investor perspective, Hewlett-Packard has been a big mess in recent years. Even before the company let go of CEO Leo Apotheker -- named one of The Worst CEOs of 2011 by Fool Sean Williams -- and brought former eBay (Nasdaq: EBAY) CEO Meg Whitman on board, Hewlett-Packard shareholders have been seeking change.

For example, a majority of Hewlett-Packard shareholders voted down the company's pay policies last year in their first say-on-pay vote. Yet that didn't stop Apotheker from receiving a handsome golden parachute despite his short tenure and the declining fortunes at the firm.

Now, Amalgamated Bank (a labor investor) has filed a nonbinding resolution at the tech giant, requesting that the board amend the company's bylaws to allow shareholders who hold 3% of shares for three years to nominate directors (not to exceed a 25% threshold of board seats).

According to proxy advisory firm Institutional Shareholder Services, 43% of HP shareholders voted for a similar resolution in 2007; given what's transpired since, there's a good chance this resolution could gain majority support in 2012. After all, it might be nice to have the power to more easily clean out the fumblers on HP's board, wouldn't it?

'Tis the season
Hewlett-Packard is one of the higher-profile targets of such proposals so far, but it's not the only one; so far, 15 proxy access resolutions are planned for the 2012 proxy season.

Public pension funds from five states have taken aim at Nabors Industries (NYSE: NBR), for example. Nabors Industries recently made news because of its insane $100 million golden parachute for its CEO who hasn't actually even entirely left the company, but instead has experienced a "role change" to chairman. Even prior to that headline-grabbing outrage, shareholders have been agitating for better governance policies at Nabors.

Shareholders led by investor activist Ken Steiner have filed proxy access proposals at MEMC Electronics (NYSE: WFR) and Textron (NYSE: TXT) as well.

Several shareholder activists plan proxy access resolutions that contain less stringent requirements for shareholders to gain access. Jim McRitchie plans a low-threshold proxy access proposal aimed at investment banking giant Goldman Sachs (NYSE: GS) and John Chevedden's proposal targeting Chiquita Brands (NYSE: CQB) requests proxy access for shareholders who own 1% of shares for two years.

The ongoing battle for access
Proxy access rules have been a bone of contention for years. Recently, the Securities and Exchange Commission's own proxy access rule was shot down by a federal court after the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Business Roundtable sued to overturn it. It's hardly surprising the business lobby would push back against a shareholder-friendly rule that would make nominating new directors as easy as printing the new nominees' names directly on company proxy ballots.

The SEC won't appeal the court's ruling, but for now will let these proxy access resolutions play out on a case-by-case basis. SEC head Mary Schapiro also says rewriting the rule in the future isn't out of the question, and she claims to "remain committed to finding a way to make it easier for shareholders to nominate candidates to corporate boards." This is good, since many saw the SEC under former Chairman Christopher Cox as more business-friendly than shareholder-friendly, even though the SEC is supposed to advocate for investors.

For the time being, thank your friendly investor activists for filing proxy access proposals, and be sure to vote in favor of them should they crop up on your proxy ballots. Corporate boards and misbehaving management teams might suddenly find ample incentive to clean up their acts if they realize they might get cleaned out by shareholders who are fed up with sloppy performance.

Check back at Fool.com every Wednesday and Friday for Alyce Lomax's columns on environmental, social, and governance issues.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.