As investors, we need to understand how our companies truly make their money. A neat trick developed for just that purpose -- the DuPont formula -- can help us do so.
So in this series we let the DuPont do the work. Let's see what the formula can tell us about Priceline.com
The DuPont formula can give you a better grasp on exactly where your company is producing its profit and where it might have a competitive advantage. Named after the company where it was pioneered, the formula breaks down return on equity into three components:
Return on equity = net margin X asset turnover X leverage ratio
What makes each of these components important?
- High net margin shows that a company can get customers to pay more for its products. Luxury-goods companies provide a great example here.
- High asset turnover indicates that a company needs to invest less of its capital, since it uses its assets more efficiently to generate sales. Service industries, for instance, often lack big capital investments.
- Finally, the leverage ratio shows how much the company is relying on liabilities to create its profits.
Generally, the higher these numbers, the better. That said, too much debt can sink a company, so beware of companies with very high leverage ratios.
So what does DuPont say about these four companies?
Return on Equity
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
Priceline has by far the highest return on equity of the listed companies, with the highest asset turnover and the second-highest net margin. Ctrip.com
Priceline differentiates itself from industry peers like Expedia and Orbitz with its unique business model, in which the portal looks for a deal that matches a price named by the customer, rather than simply listing set prices offered by the listed companies. Recently, some have criticized the company for failing to keep up with competitors like Travelzoo in utilizing social media to attract customers. However, Priceline has done a good job with offering content that keeps its customers coming without the massive advertising campaigns using social media. It continues to grow at a brisk clip internationally.
Using the DuPont formula can often give you some insight into how a company is competing against peers and what type of strategy it's using to juice return on equity. To find more successful investments, dig deeper than the earnings headlines.
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Jim Royal, Ph.D., does not own shares in any company mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of Ctrip.com International. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Ctrip.com International, priceline.com, and Travelzoo. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.
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