QR Energy LP (NYSE:QRE) is the epitome of a high yield stock. At the time of writing its yield is a very compelling 9.5%. However, as attractive as that yield is, there's one very important thing investors need to know about QR Energy before adding it to their portfolios. It will soon cease to exist as a public company as it's in the process of merging with BreitBurn Energy Partners L.P. (NASDAQ:BBEP). So, should investors even consider buying this high yielding stock? Probably not, here's why.

Dividend investing's biggest risk: Uncertainty
More often than not investors should stay away from a company that is being acquired. There's typically too much risk and not enough upside. In this case the biggest risk for potential QR Energy investors is that the merger with BreitBurn Energy Partners could fall apart. If that happened it would have two very direct impacts on QR Energy investors.

The first impact of the merger falling apart would be the deterioration of the merger premium. BreitBurn Energy Partners offered a 19% premium to acquire all of QR Energy's units, which sent those units sharply higher in July as the following chart shows.

BBEP Chart

BBEP data by YCharts

Not only that, but because this was a unit-for-unit merger, QR Energy's units now rise and fall along with units of BreitBurn Energy. So, should the merger crumble there's a lot of downside potential for investors considering QR Energy today.

That downside is compounded by a secondary impact, which is the promised dividend increase when the merger is completed. BreitBurn Energy Partners expects that the payout to QR Energy investors will be increase by 5% to $1.95 for every unit they currently own. That promised dividend increase likely won't happen if the merger isn't completed.

A better high yield stock
If the merger is completed QR Energy investors will become part of a larger BreitBurn Energy Partners. It's already one of the largest upstream master limited partnerships in the sector and has a very high yield of its own at 9.4% currently. Further, while adding QR Energy to its portfolio will extend its reach, BreitBurn Energy Partners is already much more diversified geographically, as the following slide shows.

Breitburn Energy Partners Lp Qr Energy Lp Map

Source: BreitBurn Energy Partners LP Investor Presentation

That geographic diversity and larger scale have helped BreitBurn Energy Partners to have one of the fastest growing dividends in the upstream MLP sector. While acquiring QR Energy will help to sustain that dividend growth, BreitBurn Energy Partners is large enough that it shouldn't have any trouble finding a suitable replacement if the QR Energy deal doesn't work out. That's why I think investors considering QR Energy are simply better off buying BreitBurn Energy Partners instead. 

Investor takeaway
This isn't to say that I expect QR Energy's merger with BreitBurn Energy Partners to break down, however, it's just not a risk that's worth taking. BreitBurn Energy Partners is simply a stronger high yielding stock today with or without QR Energy. That's why its the high yielding stock I'd buy instead of QR Energy. 

Matt DiLallo has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends BreitBurn Energy Partners. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.