The biotech sector has been on a roll lately. The SPDR S&P Biotech ETF (XBI 3.16%) has more than tripled since the start of 2012, compared to "just" a 63% increase in the S&P 500.
Are we in a bubble that's about to pop? We'll only know for sure if (when?) the sector pulls back.
In the meantime, you can prepare by looking for companies that might be worthy of an investment if they go on sale. Read on to see why our experts think Alnylam Pharmaceuticals (ALNY 1.01%), Celgene (CELG), and Biogen (BIIB 1.82%) might fit the bill.
Brian Orelli: If the biotech sector crashes, you want to look for companies that have plenty of cash. Secondary offerings to raise capital when a stock is down are horrible for investors.
Consider two biotechs that are both worth $1 billion post-crash. One company has plenty of cash to run its next clinical trial, but the other needs to raise $100 million by selling shares at this deflated price. Both companies' clinical trials are successful, and their market caps double to $2 billion.
Shares in the company that didn't have to raise capital will double, but shares in the company that had to do a secondary offering will only be up 82%, because there are 10% more shares outstanding.
Nightmare scenarios where companies have to raise 50% or more of their market cap because they had to raise capital after a crash can be disastrous for investors that buy ahead of the secondary offering, even if the company can prove its drug works.
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, which is developing RNAi therapeutics for a variety of diseases, shouldn't have any problem supporting its fairly robust clinical program; the biotech is targeting for six to seven RNAi therapeutic programs in clinical development, including two programs in phase 3 development, by the end of this year.
The company raised $567 million through a secondary offering and concurrent selling of shares to its partner Sanofi (SNY -1.17%) in January, putting it with a little under $1.4 billion in its war chest. But Alnylam doesn't really need the cash right now; management said it expects to have $1.2 billion in the bank at the end of this year.
Todd Campbell: What a run biotech stocks have had! Since 2013, the iShares Nasdaq Biotechnology ETF has returned 50%, trouncing the 16% return for the S&P 500. With returns like that, there's no wonder people are getting bit nervous of a bubble bursting.
If it comes to that, then investors will be best served sticking with best-in-breed companies that have been there and done that, like Celgene.
Celgene's proven track record for success includes Revlimid, a top-selling blood cancer drug with sales that could exceed $5.6 billion this year. Celgene has also successfully commercialized the pancreatic cancer drug Abraxane and the third-line multiple myeloma drug Pomalyst. Both of those drugs could achieve billion-dollar blockbuster status this year. Additionally, Celgene also branched out into autoimmune indications last year when it won FDA approval for its psoriasis drug Otezla.
Across all of its marketed drugs, Celgene expects its sales will climb 22.3% this year, to between $9 billion and $9.5 billion, and that its EPS will come in between $4.60 and $4.75, up 26% from last year. Importantly, Celgene doesn't expect its sales momentum to slow. For instance, the company estimates its revenue will eclipse $13 billion in 2017. If it can deliver on that target, buying it if biotech stocks tumble could be a very smart move.
Dan Caplinger: I'd appreciate the chance to buy up shares of Biogen at a discount if the entire biotech sector got routed. Unlike most small biotechs, Biogen has hugely successful treatments that already have proven themselves as multibillion-dollar blockbusters, with most of them coming from the multiple sclerosis area. Between well-established drugs Tysabri and Avonex and the newer oral drug Tecfidera, Biogen has made itself a market leader in multiple sclerosis treatment.
Yet Biogen has recognized the danger of concentrating too heavily in one particular disease, and has therefore also worked at diversifying its product offering. The company has recently added a couple of hemophilia treatments to its stable of approved treatments, and further down the pipeline, promising experimental treatments for Alzheimer's disease and acute optic neuritis could produce more blockbuster results if they pan out.
The biggest barrier to feeling good about Biogen is its share price, which has tripled since the beginning of 2013. Given its anticipated growth, though, shares don't seem unreasonably priced, at roughly 21 times 2016 earnings. Still, if the entire biotech sector were to crash and bring the stock down along with it, Biogen would look awfully attractive given its portfolio of approved and experimental treatments.