There are no two ways about it: Kratos Defense and Security's (KTOS -2.16%) Q1 earnings report was a disaster. Sales slipped only 3% year over year, but the company failed to earn any profit at all, instead losing $0.37 per share, a 32% bigger loss than in last year's Q1.
Investors dropped the stock like the proverbial hot rock, and Kratos ended the week down 20%. But as bad as the headline numbers were, Kratos also revealed some good news: It has won a place at the table on DARPA's revolutionary new "Gremlins" project. What is Gremlins, how much is it worth to Kratos, and when might the money begin flowing? To find out, we listened in on Kratos' post-earnings conference call and gathered the details.
Here are five things we found out and thought you'd like to know.
Thing 1: Small drones, big profits?
Kratos has successfully received a Phase 1 contract on DARPA's Gremlins program, a very important strategic win for our company furthering Kratos' entry into the tactical unmanned combat aerial market. Gremlins Phase 1 is to explore different systems approach as to launch and recover in-flight multiple low-cost high-performance unmanned tactical aerial systems that will be networked and cooperating for electronic attack and reconnaissance missions from stand-off ranges.
-- CEO Eric DeMarco
We all know that Kratos has expertise in building unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The company has invested millions of dollars in developing a proprietary combat drone -- jet-powered, and capable of carrying weapons -- that it calls the UTAP-22 Tornado. In the earnings call, though, Kratos CEO Eric DeMarco described another competitive advantage his company has over rival bidders on Gremlins.
Thing 2: Small drones -- acting cooperatively
We have a collaborative communication technology that's ours. We call it Wolfpack. We haven't talked about that much. And it has to do with command and control of up to approximately a dozen drones at a time. And how it's secure, how they can be truly autonomous, how if some of them go down others can replace them and replace their mission.
Like UTAP-22, this technology appears to have been developed in-house, and this gives Kratos a leg up over the competition in proving that its version of Gremlins aren't yet mechanically capable of launching from and landing on larger airplanes in-flight, but also capable of flying and operating as a team, autonomously, once launched.
Thing 3: Who is the competition -- and when?
There were four announced winners to Gremlins Phase 1 ... the others being Lockheed Martin, General Atomics, and Dynetics. Phase 1 is currently scheduled to lead to a systems requirements review at the end of the first quarter of 2017, at which time DARPA plans to down-select two teams issuing contracts of approximately $20 million each for a Phase 2 preliminary system design.
So General Atomics and Dynetics. According to the financial data experts at S&P Global Market Intelligence, those are both privately owned companies -- there's not much we can invest in there. But Lockheed Martin (LMT 2.09%) -- that one's public. In the event that Kratos fails to win Gremlins but Lockheed Martin does, that would give individual investors one other way to invest in the project.
At the same time, if Kratos does win one of the two phase 2 Gremlins slots at the end of this current competition, it could be in line for an additional $20 million in revenue. That's worth nearly one full month's revenues to Kratos -- five times as much money as it won in phase 1.
Thing 4: What comes next?
In the second quarter 2018, DARPA will hold a preliminary design review and one team will be selected for Phase 3 and an estimated $35 million contract, concluding with a flight test in 2020. The estimated price target for the Gremlin UAF is approximately $700,000 per aircraft, excluding payloads, for 1,000 unit order quantities, once in production.
Whether Kratos wins a phase 2 slot should become evident sometime in the first quarter of next year. After that, there's the even bigger pot of gold to win -- $35 million for a phase 3 win in Q2 2018. And assuming DeMarco isn't just pulling the "1,000" out of a hat, perhaps as much as $700 million or more in future revenue once Gremlins kicks into the production phase post-2020.
Finally, we have a clear view of Kratos' path forward, if it succeeds in winning Gremlins.
Thing 5: Can Kratos afford to compete?
Due to the nature of the contract and existing Kratos intellectual property positions, no significant Kratos discretionary investment is expected. Also no significant Kratos discretionary investment is required or expected on the second new tactical UAS award we recently received. ... [T]he significant discretionary investments we have made over the past two years to develop [our] UTAP-22 Tornado UCAVs successfully positioned us for the Gremlin solicitation and the second U.S. UAS contract award we received.
Winning Gremlins won't be easy, going up against a defense industry giant like Lockheed Martin. (And for that matter, although privately owned, Dynetics and General Atomics are hardly bit players in the field of aerospace. Both are dominant in their respective sectors.)
That's why it's reassuring to hear that in the initial stages of the Gremlins competition at least, Kratos has already done the groundwork -- and spent the money -- it needs to compete effectively. Kratos invested heavily in developing advanced drone technology for UTAP-22, and now that investment will begin to pay off in another program entirely. Indeed, it could pay off in two separate programs, including the mysterious second "tactical UAS award," about which Kratos will say nothing.
But the key thing to keep in mind here is this: Lockheed Martin, Dynetics, and General Atomics are all strong rivals, and Kratos' victory on the Gremlins contract is far from assured. But at least in round 1, they won't be able to spend Kratos into the ground and knock it out early.
For the time being, Kratos is well equipped to go toe-to-toe with the giants of the aeronautics industry.