Historically, the Fool has shied away from options as an investment vehicle, for reasons best stated by people smarter than us. Peter Lynch, a Foolish favorite around here, was not a fan of small individual investors using options. And we're ever mindful of Warren Buffett's first rule: "Don't lose money." Options, by their very nature, can significantly amplify losses. Then again, as leveraging instruments, they can also amplify gains.
Options have enjoyed a much higher profile in recent years. optionsXpress Holdings (Nasdaq: OXPS) is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor recommendation. The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) seemingly reports record trading volumes on a monthly basis. Late-night infomercials feature alluring red-and-green-flashing software and testimonials from ordinary people who, with little to no training, have made fortunes in the option markets.
That last point is why we're here. This series is not intended for traders or sophisticated professionals employing complex arbitrage strategies or looking to trade volatility. Instead, we're hoping to give ordinary Fools a firm knowledge of what options are, and how to use them in hopes of improving returns.
Make no mistake: Gains from prudent option use can be both varied and spectacular. Own shares of Wal-Mart (NYSE: WMT), which has gone nowhere for years? Why not regularly write call options against your shares to produce an income stream? (Mystified by the terminology? Keep reading. We'll clear things up in subsequent articles.)
Concerned that Research In Motion (Nasdaq: RIMM) may continue falling, given the news that the SEC has expanded its investigation into the company's past stock-option-granting practices? You might consider buying a put option, which could protect your current profits if the stock subsequently tanks.
Believe that Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) is mind-numbingly cheap in the face of pending Vista-related upgrades? Instead of buying shares, you could magnify your gains by buying calls. Heck, you could leverage those potential gains even further by combining several option positions at no cost to you -- leaving you 'exposed' to receiving all potential gains. Before you get too excited, remember that you might be on the hook for potential losses, too; there's no free lunch.
We don't want you blindly acting on the advice of proprietary software, and jeopardizing your hard-won profits. Instead, we want to help you make Foolish decisions regarding options.
Options are something else
Options are derivatives -- they derive their value from an underlying "something else." Before you start using options, it's Foolish to make sure you understand exactly what that "something" is.
For years, Warren Buffett has warned investors about the potential dire consequences of unchecked and growing derivatives use in capital markets. Then again, the Oracle of Omaha himself has used derivatives when he feels the market's offering him a value opportunity; he mentioned doing exactly that in his most recent letter to shareholders.
We Fools believe that 99% of individual retail investors -- that's you, folks -- can happily go through life without ever buying or selling an option. But derivatives themselves (of which options are only one part) aren't inherently bad. The real problems stem from their wide proliferation, and the crazy accounting with which they're associated.
Options are just tools, and they're only as good as the people using them. Shrewd use by well-educated investors can greatly enhance a portfolio's returns. Reckless, ill-informed use of options, however, can badly damage your holdings. To use options well, you've got to have a healthy understanding of the intrinsic value of the business involved. Without that most Foolish of principles, how safe do you feel in using options to leverage returns?
A few Foolish caveats
You won't find descriptions here of option trading for trading's sake. If you're interested in day trading or "black box" software, look elsewhere. Most of those programs should come with warning labels, and some should be illegal.
Don't look here for an option-only trading approach, either. We believe that options derive their value from real businesses, whose real worth can be estimated and employed as a sturdy foundation for a Foolish options strategy.
Many people, including plenty of folks in our Foolish community, have done very well by treating options as trading instruments. If you'd like to try to follow in their footsteps, we'll point you toward some resources that might help. For the rest of you, sit back and relax. If you finish this series with a better understanding of the mechanics, risks, and potential rewards of options, we'll have done our job.
Ready to learn? Let's get started:
- Options: The Basics
- Options: The Basics II
- Options Pricing: A Beginning
- Options Strategies: Profits and Losses
If you are interested in receiving more information from The Motley Fool about investing in options, please click here. And be sure to stay tuned for more options content from the Fool in the days and weeks to come.