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The Conference Board earlier this week released its monthly consumer confidence index, which measures how optimistic U.S. consumers are at a specific point in time. The updated data showed that consumer confidence is at its highest level in more than a decade, which is very good news for banks.

Rising consumer confidence

The index came in at 113.7 in December (1985=100), up from 109.4 in November. The current level, fueled by the outcome of the presidential election, marks a 13-year high.

"The post-election surge in optimism for the economy, jobs and income prospects, as well as for stock prices which reached a 13-year high, was most pronounced among older consumers," said Lynn Franco, director of economic indicators at The Conference Board. "Looking ahead to 2017, consumers' continued optimism will depend on whether or not their expectations are realized."

Digging into the numbers a little more deeply, consumers' opinions improved on a number of fronts. Their outlook for the labor market improved markedly, with the proportion expecting more jobs in the months ahead increasing from 16.1% of those surveyed to 21%. And those expecting business conditions to improve over the next six months grew from 16.4% in November to 23.6% in December.

The only downside was that consumers' assessment of current conditions declined slightly. Those saying business conditions are "good" decreased slightly from 29.7% to 29.2%, while those saying business conditions are "bad" increased from 15.2% to 17.3%, notes The Conference Board's press release.

Why this is good for banks

It probably goes without saying that higher consumer confidence is good for banks such as Bank of America (BAC -1.54%), Wells Fargo (WFC -0.39%), and JPMorgan Chase (JPM -6.47%), and thereby their stock prices. At the same time, however, the precise reasons for this may not be as clear.

The first is simply that higher consumer confidence should translate into higher loan demand. It's worth keeping in mind that banks are in the business of selling money -- making loans, that is. And the more demand there is for money, the more banks can sell of it, which thereby drives their top lines.

JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon touched on this generally at a recent industry conference:

We see a fairly healthy consumer. And so if you look at macroeconomic data, home prices, the consumer balance sheet, debt service ratios, the number of people working, wages going up, et cetera, we see that pretty healthy. We see a mirror of that inside JPMorgan. So we're reporting quarter after quarter of credit card sales, deposits, new household accounts. All those types things are doing quite well, and we expect that to continue.

Related to this, and also mentioned by Dimon, when consumers feel more confident, they tend to spend more money. And because banks generate revenue from interchange fees every time a consumer uses a debit or credit card issued by that bank, higher consumer spending almost necessarily translates into higher revenue for banks.

Bank of America CEO Brian Moynihan spoke about this at the same conference. He noted that spending on credit and debit cards was up by around 6% for the year as of November. "It's very solid," Moynihan said. "The Cyber Monday, Friday, and all of the stuff, the spending was up year over year. So consumers continue to spend money."

The same trend helps JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo, which, together with Bank of America, are among the biggest card companies in the United States.

Finally, a rise in consumer confidence, assuming it continues to translate into spending, should yield higher inflation. It's here where banks could really benefit, as the one thing keeping the Federal Reserve from more rapidly raising the fed funds rate, an important short-term interest rate benchmark, has been lackluster inflation.

The significance of higher rates can't be overstated. If short- and long-term rates increase by 100 basis points, or 1 percentage point, JPMorgan Chase would earn $2.8 billion in added net interest revenue a year. The same figure for Bank of America is $5.3 billion. And while Wells Fargo isn't clear in its disclosures around interest rate sensitivity, it too would see a surge in its earnings.

In short, assuming consumer confidence continues in the right direction, banks and their stocks could see further gains from here.