Let's face it: Unless they look more like tech companies than automakers, a lot of investors have a tough time with automotive stocks. Between crazy-high fixed costs, single-digit margins, mature, low-growth markets, and the threat of disruption lurking around every corner, it just seems easier to invest elsewhere.
That's especially true late in the economic cycle, where we (probably) are now, as automakers' margins tend to get clobbered as sales slow down.
So let's talk about the one automaker that might be an exception to those rules, just as it is to so many others: Ferrari (NYSE:RACE).
Why Ferrari is racing ahead of rivals
You probably know that Ferrari's products -- its often radically styled sports cars -- are the stuff of automotive myth and legend. You might also know that Ferrari's racing exploits have won a huge following of ardent fans all over the world.
But you might not know that Ferrari's business fundamentals are just as intriguing as the sound of its famous V12 engines:
- Care to guess Ferrari's operating margin in the third quarter of 2017? Not 10%, not 15%, but a mind-blowing 24.2%. That was a good quarter, but not exceptional for the Prancing Horse, which routinely posts margins over 20%. (Contrast that with General Motors (NYSE:GM) at 7.5%, or BMW AG (NASDAQOTH:BAMXF) at 10.3% -- both good results for well-run mass-market and luxury automakers, respectively, in the current market.)
- No automaker is recession-proof, but Ferrari might be close. Its ultra-wealthy clientele is at least somewhat shielded from the global economy's ups and downs. And with just one factory, and annual production of fewer than 10,000 vehicles, Ferrari doesn't have the huge fixed costs of a giant like GM or BMW -- or the risk that it will be paying for idled assembly lines during a downturn.
- Disruption? I don't see Ferraris being replaced by self-driving electric transport pods anytime soon. If anything, Ferrari will thrive on the contrast, as wealthy enthusiasts seek out opportunities to drive themselves in style. Ferrari is embracing hybrid technology, in part because it's now required in Formula 1 racing, but its beloved V8 and V12 gasoline engines won't go silent any time soon. As long as humans are legally allowed to drive, it seems likely that a lucky few will be driving Ferraris.
If there's a concern about Ferrari, it's around the potential for profit growth. For years, the company has limited its annual production to preserve exclusivity (and those margins). But CEO Sergio Marchionne has made it clear that Ferrari has several paths to profit growth, including modest increases in production, more limited-run (and very high-priced) exclusive models, expanded services for owners of older Ferraris, and careful extensions of its brand.
Marchionne is expected to lay out a detailed profit-growth plan in a presentation to investors soon, likely in the first quarter of 2018. If the plan is solid, the presentation should serve as a catalyst for the stock.
But is Ferrari a buy now?
Ferrari's shares have had a tremendous run, nearly doubling in value since the company's late-2015 initial public offering. But its share price has fallen about 11% since its (quite good) third-quarter earnings report in early November.
At current prices, Ferrari is valued at about 28 times earnings. That's steep compared to the big automakers, which tend to hover around 10 times earnings when the economy is strong. But it's about right for a luxury company, which is where Ferrari, with its fat margins and tremendous brand, arguably belongs. For comparison, Coach parent Tapestry (NYSE:TPR) and Tiffany and Company (NYSE:TIF) are currently trading around 25 and 26 times earnings, respectively.
My sense is that Ferrari's recent stock-price drop is just a correction, not a major shift in sentiment. Unless the global economy suddenly sours, the stock's upward march seems likely to resume after Marchionne presents his plan, if not before.
Long story short: I think investors who buy here could be quite happy with the results in a couple of years.