If you believe in the investment case behind buying The Boeing Company (NYSE:BA), then you might want to consider stock in Hexcel Corporation (NYSE:HXL). Nearly three-quarters of the carbon fiber composites company's sales go to the commercial aerospace industry, of which nearly 90% end up on Boeing and Airbus (OTC:EADSY) aircraft. Moreover, the increasing use of lightweight composites on aircraft means Hexcel has secular growth prospects as well. 

a satellite in orbit above the earth

Hexcel Corporation makes advanced composite materials for aerospace, space & defense, and industrial applications. Image source: Hexcel Corporation.

Buy Boeing, buy Hexcel

The case for buying stock in Boeing is based on the idea that ongoing strength in passenger miles, airline profitability, and load factors will lead to more orders. Furthermore, investors are hoping Boeing will successfully ramp production of its narrow-body 737 and wide-body 787 -- Airbus also plans to ramp up production of its leading narrow-body A320neo and its wide-body A350.

Boeing's production ramps are in response to strong orders, and as scale increases, the company should be able to cut unit production costs more -- margin expansion and strong earnings growth should follow, particularly on the 787 Dreamliner program.

However, here's the thing. If you believe Boeing is a geared play on continued growth in commercial aerospace, then Hexcel is worth buying, too. The company provides advanced composites and engineered products on the major aircraft programs at Airbus and Boeing. The key advantage of carbon fiber composites is their high strength to weight ratio, meaning they can substantially reduce an aircraft's weight -- a major plus for airlines as it improves productivity. In addition, they tend to have a long life, which reduces replacement costs on aircraft.

3 reasons to buy Hexcel

The main arguments are as follows:

  1. Favorable commercial aerospace trends, with Boeing and Airbus having 7.7 years and 10.1 years of backlogs, respectively.
  2. Favorable secular trends as new aircraft tend to have a higher composite penetration.
  3. After years of heavy investment in order to support future growth, Hexcel's capital expenditure requirements are set to fall, and free cash flow (FCF) will increase significantly.

Secular growth trends

The multiyear backlogs and strong orders at Boeing and Airbus are demonstrations of the growth prospects in the commercial aerospace. Turning to the issue of favorable secular trends. As you can see below, the newer versions of aircraft tend to have more carbon-fiber composites as a share of weight.

comparing value of materials to Hexcel on legacy and new aircraft programs at Boeing and Airbus

Data source: Hexcel presentations. Thousands of U.S. dollars. 

It's also worth noting that Hexcel generates more revenue per plane from wide-body aircraft, such as the A330, A350 (around $4.8 million per plane), A380 ($3million), and Boeing 777 ($1m on the legacy 777) program than it does from narrow-body aircraft like A320 and Boeing 737 programs.

Clearly, there is a favorable trend in place for the increased use of carbon-fiber composites. 

Free cash flow set to improve

Turning to cash flow and valuation matters, it's worth noting that on an EV/EBITDA basis, Hexcel is cheaper than Boeing and HEICO Corporation (NYSE:HEI) -- another attractive mid-cap stock with exposure to aerospace. Moreover, unlike Boeing and HEICO, Hexcel's valuation isn't out of sync with its rating in previous years.


BA EV to EBITDA (TTM) data by YCharts.

The good news is, management expects cash flow to improve significantly in the coming years. As you can see below, heavy capital expenditures (in order to support growth) have eaten into FCF generation in recent years. However, capital expenditures are set to fall to around $180 million in the next couple of years, leading to $230 million in FCF in 2017, or 3.8% of its current market cap -- that's not bad for a company with double-digit earnings growth prospects. Moreover, FCF should appreciate further in the coming years, particularly as Boeing and Airbus ramp production and buy more from Hexcel. 

In addition, capital expenditures are significantly ahead of depreciation and amortization -- an indication of just how much Hexcel has been investing for growth. As a rough guide, I like to assume a company's underlying capital expenditure is 1.1 times its depreciation, because you want your company to be investing for growth. 

HXL Free Cash Flow (TTM) Chart

HXL Free Cash Flow (TTM) data by YCharts.

What could go wrong?

Aside from the usual headline risk of an economic slowdown, or another event affecting Boeing and Airbus order growth, there are a few considerations here:

  • Boeing and Airbus may fail to successfully ramp production, particularly on the 737MAX, A320NEO, and A350.
  • Wide-body jet sales (more valuable to Hexcel) have been sluggish on aircraft like the A380 and may fail to live up to expectations.
  • Boeing needs to bridge the gap in production between the 777 and 777X, and this could affect Hexcel's sales.
  • The aftermarket for Hexcel's advanced composites "is very small" in commercial aerospace as "many of these materials are designed to last for the life of the aircraft," according to Hexcel's 10-K -- the stock is very much a cyclical play.

Is Hexcel worth buying?

If you like Boeing's stock, then the answer should be yes. Boeing's valuation looks like it needs ongoing strength in the aerospace cycle in order to justify it. In other words, if you buy Boeing, you are investing in the belief of a strong ongoing commercial aerospace market.

That's the same assumption you would be making by buying Hexcel. Aside from Hexcel's exposure to Airbus, the main difference is Hexcel is cheaper and has long-term upside potential from the secular shift toward more composites in aircraft. The stock is attractive for aerospace lovers. 

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.