Wireless giant Qualcomm (NASDAQ:QCOM) is one of the highest-yielding semiconductor stocks on the market, paying its shareholders a quarterly dividend of $0.62 per share, translating into $2.48 on an annual basis and a dividend yield of about 4.27%. As you can see in the table below, this is a highly competitive yield among large-cap semiconductor stocks: 

Company Dividend Yield
Qualcomm 4.27%
Intel 2.51%
NVIDIA 0.44%
Broadcom 4.16%
Texas Instruments 3.27%

Data source: Yahoo! Finance.

A question you might be asking yourself, then, is the following: Is Qualcomm's dividend too good to be true?

A pushpin on the left and two Qualcomm chips to the right of that pushpin

Image source: Qualcomm.

Let's take a closer look under the covers to see if we can figure that out.

Something you should know about Qualcomm

If you're new to the Qualcomm story, you should know that the company essentially has two main business segments. The first is its chip business, known as Qualcomm CDMA Technologies (QCT), and the second is its technology licensing business, known as Qualcomm Technology Licensing (QTL). 

QCT primarily sells chips for smartphones, while QTL collects a royalty check any time somebody sells a 3G- or 4G-capable device, irrespective of the maker of the chip inside. That per-device payment is, broadly speaking, a function of the selling price of the device. 

Historically, QCT has made up the bulk of Qualcomm's revenue, but QTL has delivered most of the company's operating profits, as royalty payments tend to carry much higher gross margins than sales of components.

For a while now, Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) -- which has historically been a large customer of Qualcomm's on the chip side (although that's no longer the case) -- has refused to fork over royalty payments, something that's taking its toll on QTL's revenue and profitability

Back in November, Qualcomm CEO Steve Mollenkopf told CNBC that "the second half of this year and into next year is when we're really on the doorstep of finding a resolution [to this dispute] and we don't see anything different than that." 

So, what does this have to do with Qualcomm's dividend? Well, the idea is that Qualcomm's current financial performance excludes royalty payments from Apple since Apple isn't paying, but if the dispute were to be resolved in a way that's favorable to Qualcomm, the company's financial performance -- revenue, net income, and free cash flow -- would all see a significant boost. 

For the purposes of this analysis, let's play it cautiously and not assume the Apple-related revenue and profits will come back anytime soon. 

Looking at the dividend

In its fiscal 2018, Qualcomm reported non-GAAP diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $3.69. (Qualcomm's GAAP results are quite messy, owing to a number of one-off factors.)

The company's current dividend payment of $2.48 translates into a payout ratio of just over 67%, based on that non-GAAP EPS figure. That's clearly on the high side (although it's not surprising given what Qualcomm is coping with), but the company certainly isn't red-lining the dividend relative to its non-GAAP EPS. (As The Motley Fool's Knowledge Center explains, a dividend payout ratio of over 100% "isn't a sustainable model, and should be taken as a sign that dividend payments will likely go down in the future" -- Qualcomm's still a ways off from that.)

It's also worth taking a peek at how analysts think Qualcomm's non-GAAP EPS will trend over the next couple of years. Current consensus calls for that figure to grow to $3.9 in fiscal 2019 followed by further growth to $4.53 in fiscal 2020. Qualcomm said back in January that it is "firmly committed to delivering $6.75-$7.50 in fiscal 2019 non-GAAP earnings per share ('EPS')," although that range was clearly contingent on the resolution of the licensing dispute. (Analysts -- quite responsibly -- don't seem to be baking in such an assumption to their models.)

QCOM Dividend Chart

QCOM Dividend data by YCharts.

What is clear, though, is that should Qualcomm's non-GAAP EPS trend upward over the next couple of years, then with or without a resolution to the spat with Apple, the company should be able to afford to not only continue paying the current dividend, it should even be able to keep its streak of annual dividend increases alive.