What happened

Shares of Ford Motor (F -0.90%) were trading lower on Thursday, after the company said that it is suspending its dividend and drawing down its lines of credit as it braces for a period of factory shutdowns.

As of 11 a.m. EDT, the automaker's stock was down about 4.7% from Wednesday's closing price.

So what

Ford said that is borrowing $15.4 billion from its existing lines of credit, and that it has suspended its $0.15 quarterly dividend, to bolster its balance sheet as it braces for a period of much lower revenue.

Ford F-150 pickups roll off the production line at the company's Dearborn Truck Plant in Dearborn, Michigan.

Ford is shutting down all of its factories in North America, and many in Europe, in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Image source: Ford Motor.

The moves came one day after Ford said that it will shut down all of its manufacturing facilities in North America until at least March 30, in response to workers' concerns about the COVID-19 respiratory illness. The company plans to use the shut-down period to deep-clean and disinfect all of its manufacturing facilities, it said. 

Ford said on Tuesday that it it is shutting down several of its European factories for similar reasons. 

In addition to addressing concerns about workers' health, the shutdowns will help Ford manage its inventories. Auto sales are expected to drop sharply for a period as consumers heed health authorities' advice to stay home, in order to limit the spread of the virus.

For Ford investors, there's no doubt about it: The dividend cut hurts. But it's the right thing for the company to do today. 

Now what

Not surprisingly, Ford also withdrew its prior guidance for 2020. The company said that it will provide updates and more information when it reports its first-quarter earnings results next month.