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Is M&T Bank a Buy?

By Dave Kovaleski - Aug 9, 2020 at 6:00AM

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The Buffalo-based bank went out and made some news in recent weeks.

M&T Bank (MTB 0.46%) has not escaped the wrath of the COVID-19 pandemic. The bank's stock price is down 37% this year through Friday's close, hammered by low interest rates and high provision of credit losses. It has been pretty much the same story for most banks during this pandemic.

Particularly with banks -- which have been among the hardest-hit industries this year -- investors have to look beyond the short-term struggles and consider the long-term value.

Is the Buffalo-based regional bank -- the 24th largest in the country, with $139 billion in assets as of June 30 -- a good buy at today's prices?

The gory details

The numbers haven't been pretty for most banks this year. M&T reported net income of $241 million in the second quarter, down 49% from the second quarter of 2019, while earnings per share fell 48% to $1.74. The bank upped its provision for credit losses to $325 million, up from just $55 million the year before and even more than the $250 million set aside in the first quarter.

Two men in suits pushing a small red block into a larger white block.

Image source: Getty Images.

Net interest income was down 8% to $961 million, while net interest margin was 3.13%, down from 3.91% in the second quarter of 2019. Non-interest income was also down, dropping 5% to $487 million, despite a 35% revenue increase in mortgage banking fees.

M&T has managed to reduce operating expenses by 8% year over year, and 11% from the first quarter, to $803 million. A $13 million decline in advertising and marketing costs and a $12 million drop in travel, entertainment, and professional services expenses in the quarter brought down expenses. As a result, M&T's efficiency ratio dropped to 55.7%, down from 58.9% in the first quarter and 56% in the second quarter of 2019 (lower is better). The bank also saw a rise in its common equity tier 1 ratio (another key metric that shows core capital divided by risk-weighted assets), to 9.51% from 9.13% in the first quarter.

The company is a good value, trading below book value with a price-to-book ratio of 0.94, meaning it trades for less than the value of its assets. Its price-to-book ratio is a little higher than rivals like KeyCorp, Regions Financial, and Citizens Financial, which are all below 0.80.

M&A for M&T?

The bank made some news in late July when it announced a partnership with LPL Financial to move its retail brokerage and advisory business -- which includes 170 advisors and $20 billion in client assets -- to LPL's platform starting next year.

M&T will keep its institutional brokerage business. But continuing to invest in the retail brokerage business, which only accounts for a small portion of income, didn't make a lot of financial sense. The brokerage services business only generated $10 million in revenue in the second quarter.

Are more deals in the cards? M&T officials indicated last year that they are open to a merger of equals, should a good opportunity present itself. CFO Darren King said in a call with analysts last September, that while the bank didn't need to make an acquisition to grow, it would consider it where it made sense.

"If those prices come down, it would be logical that you end up in that space," King said last September. "I don't think that's enough of a catalyst right now. I think someone's going to have to actually experience some challenges and to spur activity, but we'll see."

Well, things have certainly changed since then and values have come down.

The verdict

Absent a move, growth will be hard to come by for the bank over the next few quarters, given the state of the economy. The outlook for net interest income will depend on another round of Paycheck Protection Program loans, but even still, the bank expects the provision of credit losses to remain largely unchanged over the next two quarters, if macroeconomic assumptions remain, King said on the second-quarter earnings call.

Given these factors, it's hard to recommend buying M&T right now. There's just too much uncertainty for many banks, particularly those outside of some of the mega banks or niche banks that have more diversified or specialized revenue streams. However, keep M&T Bank on your radar over these next few months for possible M&A or more economic certainty.

Dave Kovaleski has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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Stocks Mentioned

M&T Bank Corporation Stock Quote
M&T Bank Corporation
$179.59 (0.46%) $0.81
Regions Financial Corporation Stock Quote
Regions Financial Corporation
$21.36 (0.07%) $0.01
KeyCorp Stock Quote
$18.25 (1.08%) $0.20
LPL Financial Holdings Inc. Stock Quote
LPL Financial Holdings Inc.
$224.06 (-0.48%) $-1.08
Citizens Financial Group, Inc. Stock Quote
Citizens Financial Group, Inc.
$37.40 (0.50%) $0.18

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