For years, the Trump Administration has waged an on-again, off-again (but mostly on-again) trade war against the Chinese government. Among other sanctions targeting the communist government for everything from domestic human rights abuses to international cyberhacking, intellectual property theft, and commodities dumping, the administration has levied punitive tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of Chinese goods imported into the U.S.
But now the Trump Administration may need to rethink those tariffs, reports the AP -- or it may not.
Responding to Chinese complaints regarding the tariffs, which range in size from 10% to 25% of the value of the products imported, a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel on Tuesday ruled that at least $200 billion worth of U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods are illegal. Technically, as a result of this ruling, the WTO may authorize China to levy retaliatory tariffs of its own against the U.S., until the American tariffs are retracted.
Practically though, the WTO's decision may have little effect. For one thing, the Chinese government has already levied tariffs in response to the U.S. tariffs, long before WTO authorization was granted. For another, the U.S. is expected to appeal the WTO's decision.
And for a third, thanks largely to the Trump Administration's refusal to approve new members nominated to fill seats on said appeals court (which is supposed to have seven judges, and needs three to issue a ruling ... but has just one judge sitting, as of July), the court isn't actually able to function. It presently cannot issue final rulings on matters appealed to it.
All of this leaves the U.S. and China at an impasse. With the WTO unable to issue final rulings on their disagreement, both parties are free to levy tariffs and other sanctions as they see fit, and unrestrained.