Lowering your tax burden is a smart thing to do every year. But right now, it may be more important than ever. With the U.S. economy in a recession and millions of Americans grappling with income insecurity resulting from the COVID-19 crisis, it's important to capitalize on as many tax breaks as you can. If you've yet to file your 2019 taxes, here are a few important credits it pays to look into as you prepare that return.

1. The Earned Income Tax Credit

The Earned Income Tax Credit, or EITC, can serve as a lifeline for lower-income households. To qualify, your tax-filing status cannot be married filing separately, and you can't have investment income from last year in excess of $3,600. From there, you can consult this table to see if you qualify for the credit:

Tax Filing Status

0 Qualifying Children

1 Qualifying Child

2 Qualifying Children

3 or More Qualifying Children

Single, head of household, or widowed





Married filing jointly





Data source: IRS.

Assuming you do qualify, this is what the EITC may be worth to you:

  • Up to $6,557 with three qualifying children or more
  • Up to $5,828 with two qualifying children or more
  • Up to $3,526 with one qualifying child or more
  • Up to $529 with no qualifying children in your household

Best of all, the EITC is refundable, so that if it lowers your tax liability to less than $0, the IRS will pay you the difference. Since unemployment has been hitting lower-income households the hardest during the COVID-19 crisis, it's imperative that you snag this credit if you're eligible. 

Man and woman with serious expressions at laptop holding documents

Image source: Getty Images.

2. The Child Tax Credit

If you have children in your household under the age of 17, you may have received additional stimulus cash for them when relief payments went out earlier this year. The good news is that those same children can also score you up to $2,000 apiece on your upcoming tax return. That $2,000 will be yours to claim in full if your income doesn't exceed $200,000 as a single tax filer, or $400,000 as a married couple filing jointly.

These thresholds are much higher than the thresholds at which stimulus payments phased out, so if you got a stimulus check, there's a good chance you'll be in the clear to claim the Child Tax Credit, too. Furthermore, up to $1,400 per child of the credit is refundable so that if your tax liability is below $0, the IRS will send you that cash.

3. The Child and Dependent Care Credit

If you paid for child care last year so you could work, you may be entitled to some extra money back on your next tax return. The Child and Dependent Care Credit allows you to claim between 20% and 35% of up to $3,000 in child care costs for a single child under age 13, or up to $6,000 in child care costs for two or more children under 13. The specific percentage you can claim will hinge on your income level, and the most this credit can be worth is $1,200 (20% of a $6,000 child care bill). Still, claiming it would essentially be akin to getting a follow-up $1,200 stimulus check, so it's worth seeing if you qualify.

Though filing taxes may be a time-consuming prospect, doing so strategically could also put more money in your pocket. And at a time like this, that's an extremely important thing to do. You have until July 15 to submit your 2019 taxes, so get moving on that return if you haven't gotten started already.