Start your engines! Ford Motor Company (NYSE:F) is gearing up to report its second-quarter earnings results on Thursday, July 26. Here's a look at what to expect.

What Wall Street expects

Analysts polled by Thomson Reuters expect Ford to report earnings of $0.44 per share for the second quarter, on average, on revenue of $37.01 billion. Both are lower than the $0.52 per share (excluding special items) profit on $39.5 billion in revenue that Ford reported in the second quarter of 2016.

What Ford's guidance suggests

Ford hasn't given specific earnings guidance for the second quarter. But it did tell us that it expects its adjusted pre-tax income to come in at about $9 billion for the full year. That's down about $1.4 billion from the $10.4 billion it earned on the same basis in 2016.

Ford's first-quarter result was down $1.6 billion from the first quarter of 2016, on recall costs and a jump in future-product spending. As CFO Bob Shanks pointed out at the time, that's greater than the anticipated full-year drop in adjusted pre-tax income.

Translation: Don't be surprised if Ford's second-quarter result is closer to last year's than Wall Street currently expects.

New Ford CEO Jim Hackett is shown with a blurred Ford logo in the background.

Ford got a new CEO during the second quarter: Jim Hackett, who has promised a faster tempo and decisive actions to boost profitability. Image source: Ford Motor Company.

A new CEO and an executive-suite overhaul

Ford's executive suite went through a series of seismic changes in May. First, Ford's board of directors ushered CEO Mark Fields into retirement and anointed Jim Hackett to replace him. Hackett, who as CEO of Steelcase had masterminded a turnaround and high-tech reinvention of that company, had been a member of Ford's board when he was appointed in March of 2016 to run its portfolio of future-technology businesses.

Shortly after Hackett's promotion, Ford announced a sweeping overhaul of its senior management structure. Several well-regarded Ford veterans were given new portfolios in what was presented as a streamlining of the Blue Oval's senior ranks to speed decision-making.

Hackett said that he will work to sharpen Ford's operational execution, "decisively" address parts of the business that are underperforming, take other steps to speed decision-making, and ensure that the company has the right culture and talent to succeed as technology transforms the auto business.

(If that sounds to you a lot like what Mary Barra has been doing as CEO of General Motors (NYSE:GM), you're not alone. I think Ford's board might have felt, with some justification, that their old crosstown rival was moving more quickly and decisively than Ford had been under Fields.)

What does all of that mean for Ford's second-quarter earnings? Probably not a lot in terms of the top- and bottom-line numbers. But it'll be our first opportunity to hear from Hackett since he took over as CEO, and I expect him to share more details of his vision and plan for Ford.

A red 2017 Ford F-150 pickup towing a boat

Despite a sluggish U.S. new-car market, sales of Ford's super-profitable F-Series pickups rose 7.4% in the second quarter. Image source: Ford Motor Company.

How Ford's businesses fared in the second quarter

Sales trends at Ford's major regional business units can help us see how Ford might have performed financially. Here are the key data points:

  • In the U.S., Ford's sales were off 3.3% in the second quarter from the year-ago period. But: Car models more than accounted for that decline, as sales of higher-profit Ford SUVs (up 3.3%) and F-Series pickups (up 7.4%) were both strong.
  • In Europe, Ford's overall sales were down 2.2% in the second quarter. But again: Ford sold a richer mix of products (more SUVs, fewer cars) than in the year-ago period.
  • In China, Ford's sales rose 7.5% in the second quarter after it cut prices to better compete with low-cost domestic Chinese automakers. The price cuts mean that the sales gains may not translate into the profit gains you'd expect. But: Sales of high-profit Lincoln models were up strongly from a year ago.

How will all that translate to Ford's bottom line?

What to expect when Ford reports earnings

My guess is that those sales results will lead to slightly stronger profits in North America versus a year ago, largely offset by somewhat lower results in Ford's Europe and Asia Pacific regions. In other words: a wash.

Absent any surprises, I expect Ford's second-quarter result to come in close to, if a bit below, the $0.52 per share it earned in the second quarter of 2016.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.