The leading software-as-a-service provider in education, Instructure (NYSE:INST), reported solid earnings once again this Monday. The company continues to show double-digit growth, and win market share from competitors.

But perhaps of most interest for investors was the fact that Instructure remains on track to be financially sustainable. Despite two rather large acquisitions this year, management still believes the company will be breakeven in free cash flow for the year. With Instructure's shrinking war chest of $48 million, that should be music to Wall Street's ears.

Cartoon of students standing on books and computers

Image source: Getty Images.

Instructure earnings: The raw numbers

Before getting into the details, however, let's review the headline numbers.

Metric Q2 2019 Q2 2018 Change
Revenue $63 million $50 million 26%
EPS* ($0.16) ($0.24) Loss narrowed 33%
Free cash flow ($17 million) ($25 million) Loss narrowed 32%

Data source: Instructure. *EPS presented on non-GAAP (adjusted) basis.

Revenue from subscription services -- where the real long-term growth lies -- grew at 27%, faster than revenue overall. But what was really impressive was the leverage that Instructure continued to show. While revenue jumped 26%, operating expenses increased just 14%. This underlies why management is so confident the company can be breakeven on free cash flow for the year. The huge investments in software and infrastructure have been made. Now, adding each incremental client costs next to nothing for the company.

Also of huge import was the fact that CFO Steve Kaminsky said net revenue retention was above 100%. This means that the existing base of customers from one year ago provided more revenue this year. By filtering out the effect of new customers, we see that not only are customers staying on, but they are also paying more as time goes on. This is a key sign that Instructure benefits from high switching costs: As schools and companies get more familiar with Instructure, they are loath to switch. It costs lots of money, requires training enormous staffs, and is a headache in general.

What else happened during the quarter?

With its recent acquisitions, Instructure now has several platforms to report on. First, we'll tackle Canvas, which is the core learning-management system for schools. During the quarter, Instructure added:

  • Rowan University in New Jersey and its 50,000 students.
  • Two large K-12 districts, with a combined enrollment of 41,000.
  • The universities of Cincinnati and Alabama, and East Carolina University, with combined enrollments of 79,000. All three of these gave up Blackboard to use Canvas.
  • Internationally, Canvas won contracts at schools in Australia, the Netherlands, Germany, Northern Ireland, France, and Sweden -- with over 75,000 learners in the group.
  • One higher education institute in Brazil also switched to Canvas from Blackboard.

On the Bridge platform -- which offers a way for employers to teach and develop their workforces -- there were several wins, including contracts or expansion with:

  • Mutual of Omaha.
  • Waze.
  • An unnamed major animation studio.
  • American Express, with 10,000 trainees.
  • TELUS International -- and expansion that opens Bridge to 40,000 additional people.
  • Tulane, Colorado State, and Western Governors universities also added Bridge to their existing subscriptions to Canvas.

Finally, the company's two new platforms offered customer additions of note as well:

  • MasteryConnect added two K-12 districts -- in Tennessee and Virginia -- with over 100,000 students.
  • Portfolium added two colleges in California and North Carolina.


As stated earlier, management remains confident that Instructure will end the year with break-even free cash flow. So far this year, the company has lost $55 million in free cash flow -- so it expects to make at least that much in the next six months. That timing isn't too surprising, as schools normally pay their subscriptions at the beginning of academic years.

Management also offered up revenue and non-GAAP (adjusted) earnings forecasts. The midpoints of the third-quarter outlooks showed estimates of $68 million and a loss of $0.19 per share, respectively. If the company hits those numbers, it would represent revenue growth of 23% with the loss expanding 27%.

For the full year, management expects revenue to come in at a midpoint of $259 million with a loss of $0.61 per share. That would represent full-year sales growth of 23% with the company's loss being virtually flat.

But by far, the biggest thing for investors to watch is whether Instructure can generate the needed $55 million in free cash flow over the next six months.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.