Not all dividends are created equal. Here, we'll do a top-to-bottom analysis of a given company to understand the quality of its dividend and how that's changed over the past five years.
The company we're looking at today is Corning
Corning is a specialty glassmaker that provides glass for LCD televisions, touchscreen devices, and also LCDs. In 2008, Corning's stock as well as that of its competitors AU Optronics
To evaluate the quality of a dividend, the first thing to consider is whether the company has paid a dividend consistently over the past five years, and if so, how much it has grown.
Corning started paying a $0.05 quarterly dividend in 2007, which it raised to $0.075 a quarter last month.
To understand how safe a dividend is, we use three crucial tools, the first of which is:
- The interest coverage ratio or the number of times interest is earned, calculated by earnings before interest and taxes, divided by interest expense. The interest coverage ratio measures a company's ability to pay the interest on its debt. An interest coverage ratio less than 1.5 is questionable; a number less than 1 means that the company is not bringing in enough money to cover its interest expenses.
At 21.2, Corning has $21 in operating earnings for every dollar of interest expense. That is more than enough, and the ratio has been growing steadily since late 2009.
The other tools we use to evaluate the safety of a dividend are:
- The EPS payout ratio, or dividends per share divided by earnings per share. The EPS payout ratio measures the percentage of earnings that go toward paying the dividend. A ratio greater than 80% is worrisome.
- The FCF payout ratio, or dividends per share divided by free cash flow per share. Earnings alone don't always paint a complete picture of a business' health. The FCF payout ratio measures the percent of free cash flow devoted toward paying the dividend. Again, a ratio greater than 80% could be a red flag.
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
Corning's payout ratios have been keeping steady under 20% for roughly a year and a half. While the ratio did go above 100% in 2009, since that time the company has maintained positive earnings and free cash flow and a low payout ratio.
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
There are some alternatives out there in the industry. General Electric
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