Consider what's happened in just the last year.
Before he was known for raising drug prices, Martin Shkreli was called a hotshot investor and a financial genius. He even started his own hedge fund in his early 20s. His investing acumen was profiled in Forbes' 30 Under 30 series. He was called a "hedge-fund whiz" and a "savvy investor." Of course, that was all wrong. The FBI accuses him of quickly losing virtually all of his investor's money and effectively running a Ponzi scheme.
Almost a year to the day before Shkreli was arrested, New York magazine ran a story about a 17 year old named Mohamed Islam who made $72 million day trading stocks on his lunch break. But of course, he didn't do that. Islam later admitted he made the whole thing up.
Bloomberg once called Mark Malik a "rising fund manager." Malik claimed he managed $5 billion and earned returns north of 200% – astounding, considering he was a traffic cop shortly before starting his fund. Of course, it was all baloney. Malik was arrested in March, accused of raising $800,000 from investors and spending it on himself.
On a much different level, Theranos CEO Elizabeth Holmes was lavished by the media for inventing breakthrough laboratory tests, praised as "the Steve Jobs of biotech." But an October Wall Street Journal article detailed how Theranos' products are less functional than many believed, with the vast majority of its tests being done on "traditional machines bought from companies like Siemens."
I only know these stories with the benefit of hindsight. But they share a common denominator we should be more aware of: Our insatiable appetite for a good story. Everyone loves a hero, so much so that we often don't look past the cover.
I'm an optimist, driven by the belief that knowledge accumulates exponentially through generations. People can do amazing things. But, day to day, I advocate humility. Success is hard, and capitalism doesn't tolerate outliers very well. That's why we love stories of standout success, but it should also make us more skeptical of them. Outliers attributed to luck, embellishment -- even fraud -- are certainly higher than we want to believe. We should acknowledge that our desire for amazement is often larger than our ability to produce amazement. This is especially true in finance.