SmartMoney recently reported that the government is considering a change in the way Social Security cost of living adjustments, or COLAs, are calculated. The article cites figures from the Senior Citizens League, which estimates that under the new measurements, the average retiree would see benefits drop by a total of $18,000 over a 25-year period.

I can't control how the government decides to calculate Social Security benefits in the future, but I do know of at least one approach that cranks out annual cost of living increases no matter how inflation is calculated: dividend growth stocks.

Standard & Poor's maintains an S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats index, which is a great place to start a search for dividend growth stocks. These are S&P 500 companies that have raised dividends every year for at least 25 years. Currently, only 42 companies have what it takes to join the club.

Some further digging boiled the list down to my six picks for investors seeking a combination of decent current yield, generous dividend increases over the past several years, a reasonable payout ratio, and good future growth prospects. Those last two characteristics are important indicators of a company's ability to keep its Aristocrat status. Paying out too much of the earnings and/or experiencing very low earnings growth crimps the ability to keep cranking out a nice raise for shareholders every year.

Company

Dividend Yield

5-Year Average Annual Dividend Growth Rate

Payout Ratio

5-Year Estimated EPS Growth Rate

AFLAC (NYSE: AFL)

2.6%

18.2%

26%

12.0%

Abbott Laboratories (NYSE: ABT)

3.6%

10.2%

61%

8.5%

Air Products & Chemicals (NYSE: APD)

2.5%

11.3%

41%

11.7%

Lowe's (NYSE: LOW)

2.4%

29.7%

31%

14.3%

McDonald's (NYSE: MCD)

2.9%

19.5%

49%

10.0%

Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG)

3.2%

11.1%

51%

9.3%

Sources: Standard & Poor's, Yahoo! Finance, and author's calculation.

Even though this list looks like a nice dividend portfolio, the results should be considered ideas for further research, not outright buy recommendations. Just because a stock is a Dividend Aristocrat, that doesn't mean it'll keep that title. The list had several casualties in the world of finance over the past several years.

These six stocks cover a diverse group of businesses, ranging from an insurance company represented by a duck to an industrial gas giant serving several well-known household names. What they all have in common is a long track record of treating shareholders to more cash year after year.

Investors who prefer exchange-traded funds can hold dividend growth stocks with the Vanguard Dividend Appreciation ETF (NYSE: VIG). It contains even more strong dividend payers. And if you like, you can follow any of the stocks mentioned here using our free watchlist service, My Watchlist.

Fool contributor Russ Krull owns shares of McDonald's, but has no position in any other stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of AFLAC and Abbott Labs. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of AFLAC, Procter & Gamble, Lowe's, McDonald's, and Abbott Labs, as well as writing covered calls on Lowe's. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools don't all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.