You've listened to all the financial advice about creating an emergency fund that covers six months of expenses, the importance of getting out of debt, and building up some savings. And now you're in a good place with all of those vital items in place -- including an extra $5,000 to invest. So where should you invest? Stocks? Bonds? Mutual funds? Index or exchange-traded funds?
There are many options, depending on your savings goals. And deciding where to place your $5,000 can be similar to going to a restaurant. Do you prefer going to the old favorite where you know you'll get just what you ordered, are you in a more adventurous mood to try a new spot and tell the chef to prepare his favorite off-the-menu items -- or is there a combination?
In making a decision, financial experts suggest first looking into your time frame. If you're saving that money toward an upcoming wedding, a new car, tuition, vacation or other short-term expense, your choices will be limited to what you can access at any time.
Here are the best ways to invest $5,000.
1. Save with an online bank.
Online banks typically offer more interest (currently at 0.91% at EverBank) than a traditional bricks-and-mortar bank. "For someone who is just starting out with savings, I would suggest building up that rainy day fund and invest it into a safe liquid account like an online bank," says Michael Solari, CFP, Principal of Solari Financial Planning, LLC. "Before you can start building a mountain of wealth, it is important to protect yourself from falling into a ditch."
While online banks offer more interest, the only downside is that they don't have physical locations, which makes it difficult to do things like talk to a teller or deposit cash.
2. Think about certificates of deposit (CDs) or money market accounts.
Again, it's all about short-term access to cash. If you're investing for less than five years, then consider placing your money in a CD with a maturity date that ends in five years. CDs currently earn a small amount of interest, however, any interest does add up. The downside is that once you lock in to a CD with a specific maturity date, you're committed to that.
Money market accounts, on the other hand, offer more liquidity. For people who are already experienced savers, Solari notes that there are more investment choices to consider. "I have a five-year rule when it comes to investing," he says. "If you need the money within five years then you ought to invest it into a liquid savings account."
3. Consider investing in a Roth IRA.
A Roth IRA is a stable, long-term account in which the you pay taxes ahead of time. "If time is on your hands, then I would strongly think about investing in a Roth IRA account," notes Solari. "They have been great investment vehicles for young investors and they have become a great tool for tax planning in the future." Investment professionals suggest saving 30% of your $5,000 -- and your income moving forward -- in a retirement account.
4. Research online investment firms.
Vanguard, Charles Schwab and others allow you to manage your investment choices online. Kalen Holliday from Covestor, a registered investment advisor, says, "There are many good options for people who want to start off investing with smaller amounts of $5,000 to $10,000. The important thing is to beware of high fees, which can eat away at smaller savings, and watch market volatility. Someone with a smaller amount of savings cannot whether rocky markets as well as someone who has built a more substantial portfolio."
5. Invest in actively managed mutual funds.
If you're young and have a longer time frame, you can take some risks with your $5,000. Investing in mutual funds offers a simple way to diversify your exposure in the stock market. There is such a wide selection of funds out there -- from equities and bond funds, domestic and international funds, emerging markets and target date funds.
Plus, with actively managed funds, you don't have to do anything (unless you want to follow the various markets). Fund managers do all the heavy lifting, making all the investing decisions for you. All you have to do is monitor the funds' quarterly performance and see if you still want to be invested in the funds. One important note is that actively managed mutual funds charge fees for their services. You can check on what each fund charges in the prospectus or on the Website. Many financial advisors suggest that you buy mutual funds with an expense ratio that is less than 1 percent.
6. Go for index funds.
If you want to bypass the expenses with an actively managed mutual fund, then look toward index funds. Again, it's an investment vehicle that you simply have to set and let the fund do its business. With $5,000 to invest, you're not about beating the market every day, rather just keeping up with it. Plus, there are questions whether portfolio fund managers can, over the long term, outperform their benchmarks, so index funds may be a good option. Take a look at Morningstar.com for a balanced view about all types of funds.
Exchange traded funds (or ETFs) are similar to mutual funds in that when you purchase one share of either fund, you are buying a small slice of that investment's holdings. The difference between the two is how they are managed. Since there's no active management with an ETF, you will need to be the active manager and rebalance your portfolio at least once a year (don't overlook your mutual fund portfolios either). The advantage of ETFs are that there are lower costs associated with these investments, as apposed to actively managed funds.
Being smart about risk
Regardless of what type of investment you choose, there are certain intangible truths about investing. "Strategic investing means taking on an appropriate amount of smart risk -- the kind that boosts return -- within a well-diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, and commodities," says Elle Kaplan, CEO and founding partner of LexION Capital Management LLC. "That way, your accounts can weather whatever the market throws at you over time and continue to grow and serve you."
She points out that the real risk lies in not investing. "Diversification is a valuable tool that allows your portfolio, whether $5,000 or $5,000,000, to grow and work as hard for you as you did to earn it."
This article originally appeared on My Bank Tracker.
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